I. IN the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This was in the beginning with God. All things were made it, and without it not a single creature was made. In it was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shone in darkness; but the darkness admitted it not.
6. A man named John was sent from God. This man came as a witness to testify concerning the light, that through him all might believe. He was not himself the light, but came to testify concerning the light. The true light was he who, coming into the world, enlighteneth every man.
He was in the world, and the world was made by him; yet the world knew him not. He came to his own land, and his own people*[App. No. XXVIII.] did not receive him; but to as many as received him, believing in his name, he granted the privilege of being children of God, who derive their birth not from blood, nor from the desire of the flesh, nor from the will of man, but from God.
And the Word became incarnate, and sojourned amongst us (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. (It was concerning him John testified, when he cried, "This is he of whom I said, He that cometh after me is preferred to me; for he was before me.") Of his fulness we all have received, even grace for his grace; for the law was given by Moses;--the grace and the truth came by Jesus Christ. No one ever saw God; it is the only begotten Son, that is in the bosom of the Father, who hath made him known.
19. Now this is the testimony of John. When the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? he acknowledged and denied not, but acknowledged, saying, I am not the Messiah. And they asked him, Who then? Art thou Elijah? He said, I am not. Art thou the Prophet? He answered, No. They said, Tell then who thou art, that we may return an answer to them who sent us. What sayest thou of thyself? He answered, I am he whose voice proclaimeth in the wildeness, "Make straight the way of the Lord,"*[Jehovah.] as said the Prophet Isaiah. Now they who were sent were of the Pharisees. And they questioned him further, Why then dost thou immerse, if thou be not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet? John answered, I immerse in water, but there is one amongst you whom ye know not. It is he who cometh after me, and was before me, whose shoe-latchet I am not worthy to loose. This happened at Bethany, upon the Jordan, where John was immersing.
On the morrow John seeth Jesus coming to him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he concerning whom I said, "After me cometh a man who is preferred to me; for he was before me." As for me, I knew him not; but to the end that he may be discovered to Israel, I am come immersing in water. John testified further, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and remaining upon him. For my part, I should not have known him, had not he who sent me to immerse in water told me, 'Upon whomsoever thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining, the same is he who immerseth int he Holy Spirit.'*[App. No. XXIX.] Having therefore seen this, I testify that he is the Son of God.
The next day John being with two of his disciples, observed Jesus passing, and said, Behold the Lamb of God. The two disciples hearing this, followed Jesus. And Jesus turning about saw them following, and said to them, What seek ye? They answered, Rabbi, (which signifieth Doctor,) where dwellest thou? He replied, Come and see. They went and saw where he dwelt; and it being about the tenth hour,*[Four o'clock, afternoon.] abode with him that day. One of the two who, having heard John, followed Jesus, was Andrew the brother of Simon Peter. The first he met was his own brother Simon, to whom he said, We have found the Messiah*[Anointed.] (a name equivalent to Christ.*[Anointed.]) And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looking upon him, said, Thou art Simon, the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas,*[Rock.] which denoteth the same as Peter.*[Rock.]
44. The next day Jesus resolved to go to Galilee, and meeting Philip, said to him, Follow me. Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip meeteth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found the person described by Moses in the law, and by the Prophets, Jesus the son of Joseph, from Nazareth. Nathanael saith unto him, Out of Nazareth can any good thing come? Philip answered, Come and see. Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said concerning him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile. Nathanael said unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered, I saw thee when thou wast under the fig-tree, before Philip called thee. Nathanael replying, said unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God: thou art the King of Israel. Jesus answered him, saying, Because I told thee that I saw thee under the fig-tree, thou believest? thou shalt see greater things than this. He added, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the messengers of God ascending from the Son of Man, and descending to him.
II. Three days after, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also and his disciples were invited to the marriage. The wine falling short, the mother of Jesus said to him, They have no wine. Jesus answered, Woman, what hast thou to do with me? My time is not yet come. His mother said to the servants, Do whatever he shall bid you. Now there were six water-pots of stone, containing two or three baths*[A bath contained about 7 1/2 gallons.] a-piece, placed there for the Jewish rites of cleansing. Jesus said to them, Fill the pots with water. And they filled them to the brim. Then he said, Draw now, and carry to the director of the feast. And they did so. When the director of the feast had tasted the wine made of water, not knowing whence it was (but the servants who drew the water knew,) he said, addressing the bridegroom, Every body presenteth the best wine first, and worse wine afterwards, when the guests have drunk largely; but thou hast reserved the best until now. This first miracle Jesus wrought in Cana of Galilee, displaying his glory: and his disciples believed on him.
12. Afterwards he went to Capernaum, he and his mother, and his brothers, and his disciples; but they stayed not there many days.
And the Jewish passover being nigh, Jesus went to Jerusalem; and finding changers sitting in the temple, and people who sold cattle, and sheep, and doves; he made a whip of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the cattle, scattering the coin of the changers, and oversetting their tables; and said to them who sold doves, Take these things hence. Make not my Father's house a house of traffic. Then his disciples remembered these words of Scripture, "My zela for thy house consumeth me."
Hereupon the Jews said to him, By what miracle dost thou show us thy title to do these things? Jesus answering, said unto them, Destroy this temple, and I will rear it again in three days. The Jews replied, Forty and six years was this temple in building; and thou wouldst rear it in three days? But by the temple he meant his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they understood the Scripture, and the word which Jesus had spoken.
While he was at Jerusalem, during the feast of the passover, many believed on him, when they saw the miracles which he performed. But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew them all. He needed not to receive from others a character of any man, for he knew what was in man.
III. Now there was a Pharisee, called Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews, who came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles which thou dost, unless God be with him. Jesus answering, said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, unless a man be born again, he cannot discern the reign of God. Nicodemus replied, How can a grown man be born? Can he enter his mother's womb anew, and be born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, unless a man be born of water and Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Wonder not, then, that I said to thee, Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the wound thereof, but knowest not whence it cometh, or whither it goeth; so it is with every one who is born of the Spirit. Nicodemus answered, How can these things be? Jesus replied, Art thou the teacher of Israel, and knowest not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, we speak what we know, and testify what we have seen; yet ye receive not our testimony. If ye understood not when I told you about earthly things; how will ye understand, when I tell you heavenly things? For none ascendeth into heaven, but he who descended from heaven; the Son of Man, whose abode is heaven. As Moses placed on high the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be placed on high, that whosoever believeth on him may not perish, but obtain eternal life: for God hath so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him may not perish, but obtain eternal life. For God hath sent his Son into the world, not to condemn the world, but that the world may be saved by him. He who believeth on him shall not be condemned; he who believeth not is already condemned, because he hath not believed on the name of the only begotten Son of God. Now this is the ground of condemnation, that the light is come into the world, and men have preferred the darkness to the light, because their deeds were evil. For whosoever doth evil, hateth the light, and shunneth it, lest his deeds should be detected. But he who obeyeth the truth cometh to the light, that it may be manifest that his actions are agreeable to God.
After this, Jesus went with his into the territory of Judea, where he remained with them, and immersed. John also was immersing in Enon near Salim, because there was much water there; and people came thither and were immersed. For John was not yet cast into prison.
25. Now John's disciples had a dispute with a Jew about purification. Whereupon they went to John, and said to him, Rabbi, he who was with the near the Jordan, of whom thou gavest so great a character; he too immerseth, and the people flock to him. John answered, A man can have no power but what he deriveth from heaven. Ye yourselves are witnesses for me, that I said, 'I am not the Messiah, but am sent before him.' The bridegroom is he who hath the bride; but the friend of the bridegroom, who assisteth him, rejoiceth to hear the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is complete. He must increase, while I decrease. He who cometh from above, is above all. He who is from the earth is earthly, and speaketh as being from the earth. He who cometh from heaven is above all. What he testifieth is what he hath seen and heard; yet his testimony is not received. He who receiveth his testimony, voucheth the veracity of God. For he whom God hath commissioned, relateth God's own words; for [to him] God giveth not the Spirit by measure. The Father loveth the Son, and hath subjected all things to him. He who believeth on the Son hath life eternal; he who rejecteth the Son, shall not see life; but the vengeance of God awaiteth him.
IV. Jesus, knowing that the Pharisees were informed that he made and immersed more disciples than John (though it was not Jesus himself, but his disciples, who immersed,) left Judea, and returned to Galilee.
Being obliged to pass through Samaria, he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar,*[In the Old Testament, Shechem.] near the heritage which Jacob gave his son Joseph. Now Jacob's well was there. And Jesus, wearied with the journey, sat down by the well, it being about the sixth hour.*[Twelve o'clock noon. App. No. XXX.]
7. A woman of Samaria having come to draw water, Jesus said to her, Give me to drink (for his disciples were gone into the city to buy food;) the Samaritan woman answered, How is it that thou who art a Jew, askest drink of me who am a Samaritan? (for the Jews have no friendly intercourse with the Samaritans.) Jesus replied, If thou knewest the bounty of God, and who it is that saith to thee, 'Give me to drink,' thou wouldst have asked him, and he would have given thee living water. She answered, Sir, thou hast no bucket, and the well is deep: whence then hast thou the living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his sons, and his cattle? Jesus replied, Who so drinketh of this water, will thirst again; but whoever shall drink of the water which I shall give him, shall never thirst more; but the water which I shall give, shall be in him a fountain springing up to everlasting life. The woman answered, Sir, give me this water, that I may never be thirsty, nor come hither to draw. Jesus said to her, Go, call thy husband, and come back. She answered, I have no husband. Jesus replied, Thou sayest well, 'I have no husband;' for thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband; in this thou hast spoken truth. The woman said, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet. Our fathers worshipped on this mountain; and ye say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. Jesus answered, Woman, believe me, the time approacheth, when ye shall neither come to this mountain, nor go to Jerusalem, to worship the Father. Ye worship what ye know not; we worship what we know: for salvation is from the Jews. But the time cometh, or rather is come, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth: for such are the worshippers whom the Father requireth. God is a spirit, and they that worship him, must worship him in spirit and truth. The woman replied, I know that the Messiah*[The anointed.] cometh (that is, the Christ;*[The anointed.]) when he is come, he will teach us all things. Jesus said unto her, I who speak unto thee am he.
Upon this his disciples came and wondered that he talked with a woman; yet none of them said, 'What seekest thou? or why talkest thou with her?' Then the woman left her pitcher, and having gone into the city, said to the people, Come, see a man who hath told me all that ever I did. Is this the Messiah? They accordingly went out of the city and came to him.
Meanwhile his disciples entreating him, said, Rabbi, eat. He answered, I have meat to eat which ye know not of. Then said his disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him food? jesus answered, My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to finish his work. Say ye not, 'After four months cometh harvest?' But I say, Lift up your eyes, and survey the fields; for they are already white enough for harvest. The reaper receiveth wages, and gathereth the fruits for eternal life, that both the sower and the reaper may rejoice together. For herein the proverb is verified, 'One soweth, and another reapeth.' I send you to reap that whereon ye have bestowed no labour: others laboured; and ye get possession of their labours.
39. Now many Samaritans of that city believed in him on the testimony of the woman who said, 'He told me all that ever I did.' When, therefore, they came to him, they besought him to stay with them, and he stayed there two days. And many more believed because of what they heard from himself; and they said to the woman, It is not now on account of what thou hast reported, that we believe; for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is truly the Saviour of the world, the Messiah.
After the two days Jesus departed and went to Galilee [but not to Nazareth;] for he had himself declared that a prophet is not regarded in his own country. Being come into Galilee, he was well received by the Galileans, who had seen all that he did at Jerusalem during the festival; for they likewise attended the festival.
Then Jesus returned to Cana of Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And there was a certain officer of the court, whose son lay sick at Capernaum, who, having heard that Jesus was come from Judea into Galilee, went to him, and entreated him to come and cure his son who was dying. Jesus said to him, Unless ye see signs and prodigies, ye will not believe. The officer answered, Come, Sir, before my child die. Jesus replied, Go thy way. Thy son is well. And the man believed the word which Jesus had spoken, and went his way. As he was returning, his servants met him, and acquainted him that his boy was well. He then inquired of them the hour when he began to mend. t[sic]hey answered, Yesterday, at the seventh hour, the fever left him. Then the father knew that it was the same hour at which Jesus said to him, 'Thy son is well;' and he and all his family believed. This second miracle Jesus performed, after returning from Judea to Galilee.
V. Afterwards there was a Jewish festival, and Jesus went to Jerusalem. Now there is at Jerusalem, nigh the sheep-gate, a bath, called in Hebrew Bethesda,*[House of mercy.] which hath five covered walks. In these lay a great number of sick, blind, lame, and palsied people, waiting for the moving of the water. For a messenger at times descended into the bath, and agitated the water; and the first that stepped in, after the agitation of the water, was cured of whatever disease he had.
Now there was one there who had been diseased eight and thirty years. Jesus, who saw him lying, and knew that he had been long ill, said to him, Dost thou desire to be healed? The diseased man answered, Sir, I have nobody to put me into the bath when the water is agitated; but while I am going, another getteth down before me. Jesus said to him, Arise, take up thy couch,and walk. Instantly the man was healed, and took up his couch, and walked.
10. Now that day was the Sabbath. The Jews therefore said to him that was cured, This is the Sabbath. It is not lawful for thee to carry the couch. He answered, He who healed me, said to me, 'Take up thy couch and walk.' They asked him then, Who is the man that said to thee, 'Take up thy couch and walk?' But he that had been healed, knew not who it was; for Jesus had slipt away, there being a crowd in the place.
Jesus afterwards finding him in the temple, said to him, Behold thou art cured; sin no more, lest something worse befal thee. The man went and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had cured him. Therefore the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill him, because he had done this on the Sabbath.
17. But Jesus answered them, As my Father hitherto worketh, I work. For this reason the Jews were the more intent to kill him, because he had not only broken the Sabbath, but by calling God peculiarly his Father, had equalled himself with God. Then Jesus addressed them, saying, Verily, verily, I say unto you, the Son can do nothing of himself, but as he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doth, such doth the Son likewise. For the Father loveth the Son, and showeth him all that he himself doth: nay,and will show him greater works than these, works which will astonish you. For as the Father raiseth and quickeneth the dead, the Son also quickeneth whom he will: for the Father judgeth no person, having committed the power of judging entirely to the Son, that all might honour the Son, as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the Father who sent him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He who heareth my doctrine, and believeth him who sent me, hath eternal life, and shall not incur condemnation, having passed from death to life. Verily, verily, I say unto you, the time cometh, or rather is come, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and hearing they shall live. For as the Father hath life in himself, so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself: and hath given him even the judicial authority, because he is a Son of Man. Wonder not at this; for the time cometh when all that are in their graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth. They that have done good, shall arise to enjoy life; they that have done evil, shall arise to suffer punishment. I can do nothing of myself; as I hear I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek not to please myself, but to please the Father who sent me.
If I [alone] testify concerning myself, my testimony is not to be regarded: there is another who testifieth concerning me; and I know that his testimony of me ought to be regarded. Ye yourselves sent to John, and he bore witness to the truth. As for me, I need no human testimony; I only urge this for your salvation. He was the lighted and shining lamp; and for a while ye were glad to enjoy his light.
But I have greater testimony than John's; for the works which the Father hath empowered me to perform, the works themselves which I do, testify for me, that the Father hath sent me.
Nay, the Father who sent me, hath himself attested me. Did ye never hear his voice; or see his form? Or have ye forgotten his declaration, that ye believe not him whom he hath commissioned?
39. Ye search the Scriptures, because ye think to obtain, by them, eternal life. Now these also are witnesses for me; yet ye will not come unto me that ye may obtain life. I desire not honour from men; but I know you, that ye are strangers to the love of God. I am come in my Father's name, and ye do not receive me; if another come in his own name, ye will receive him. How can ye believe, while ye court honour one from another, regardless of the honour which cometh from God alone? Do not think that I am he who will accuse you to the Father. Your accuwer is Moses, in whom ye confide. For if ye believed Moses, ye would believe me, for he wrote concerning me. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?
VI. Afterwards Jesus crossed the sea of Galilee [also called] of Tiberias: and a great multitude followed him, because they had seen the miraculous cures which he performed. And Jesus went up upon a mountain; where he sat down with his disciples. Now the passover, the Jewish festival, was near.
Jesus lifting up his eyes, and perceiving that a great multitude was flocking to him, said to Philip, Whence shall we buy bread to feed these people? (This he said to try him; for he knew himself what he was to do.) Philip answered, Two hundred denarii*[About 25 dollars.] would not purchase bread enough to afford every one a morsel. One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him, Here is a boy who hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes, but what are they among so many? Jesus said, Make the men lie down. Now there was much grass int he place. So they lay down, in number about five thousand. And Jesus took the loaves, and having given thanks, distributed them to those who had lien down. He gave them also of the fishes as much as they would. When they had eaten sufficiently, he said to his disciples, Gather up the fragments which remain, that nothing be lost. They therefore gathered, and with the fragments which the people had left, of the five barley loaves, they filled twelve baskets. When those men had seen the miracle which Jesus had wrought, they said, This is certainly the Prophet who cometh into the world. Then Jesus knowing that they intended to come, and carry him off to make him king, withdrew again alone to the mountain.
16. In the evening his disciples went to the sea, and having embarked, were passing by sea to Capernaum. it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them. And the water was raised by a tempestuous wind. When they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs,*[Between three and four miles.] they observed Jesus walking on the sea, very near the bark, and were afraid. But he said to them, It is I, be not afraid. Then they gladly received him into the bark; and the bark was immediately at the place whither they were going.
On the morrow, the people who were on the sea-side, knowing that there had been but one boat there, and that Jesus went not into the boat with his disciples, who went alone (other boats however arrived from Tiberias, nigh the place where they had eaten, after the Lord had given thanks,) knowing, besides, that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, embarked and went to Capernaum seeking Jesus.
Having found him on the opposite shore, they said to him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw miracles, but because ye ate of the loaves, and were satisfied. Work not for the food which perisheth, but for the food which endureth through eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you: for to him the Father, that is, God, hath given his attestation. They asked him, therefore, What are the works which God requireth us to do? Jesus answered, This is the work which God requireth, that ye believe on him whom he hath commissioned. They replied, What miracle then dost thou, that seeing it, we may believe thee? What dost thou perform? Our fathers ate the manna in the desert, as it is written, "He gave them bread of heaven to eat." Jesus then said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses did not give you the bread of heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread of heaven: for the bread of God is that which descendeth from heaven, and giveth life to the world. They said, therefore, to him, Master, give us always this bread. Jesus answered, I am the bread of life. He who cometh to me shall never hunger, and he who believeth on me shall never thirst.
36. But as I told you, though ye have seen me, ye do not believe. Whatever the Father giveth me, will come to me; and him who cometh to me I will not reject. For I descended from heaven to do, not mine own will, but the will of him who sent me. Now this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of what he hath given me, but raise the whole again at the last day. This is the will of him who sent me, that whoever recognizeth the Son and believeth on him, should obtain eternal life, and that I should raise him again at the last day.
The Jews then murmured against him, because he said, 'I am the bread which descended from heaven:' and they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then doth he say, 'I descended from heaven?' Jesus therefore answered, Murmur not amongst yourselves: no man can come unto me, unless the Father who hath sent me, draw him; and him I will raise again at the last day. It is written in the prophets, "They shall be all taught of God." Every one who hath heard, and learnt from the Father, cometh unto me. Not that any man, except him who is from God, hath seen the Father. He indeed hath seen the Father. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He who believeth on me hath eternal life. I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the desert, and died. Behold the bread which descended from heaven, and whoso eateth thereof may not die. I am the living bread which descended from heaven. Whoso eateth of this bread shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I give for the life of the world.
The Jews, then, debated among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? Jesus, therefore, said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Unless ye eat the flesh of the Son of Man, and drink his blood, ye have not life in you. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him again at the last day: for my flesh is truly meat, and my blood is truly drink. He who eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I abide in him. As the Father liveth who sent me, and I live by the Father; even so he who feedeth on me, shall live by me. This is the bread which descended from heaven. It is not like the manna which your fathers ate, for they died: he that eateth this bread shall live for ever. This discourse he spake in a synagogue, teaching in Capernaum.
60. Many of his disciples having heard it, said, This is hard doctrine; who can understand it? Jesus knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at it, said to them, Doth this scandalize you? What if ye should see the Son of Man reascending thither, where he was before? It is the Spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing. The words which I speak unto you are spirit and life. But there are some of you who do not believe. (For John knew from the beginning who they were that did not believe, and who he was that would betray him.) He added, Therefore I said to you, that no man can come unto me, unless it be given him by my Father.
From this time many of his disciples withdrew, and accompanied him no longer. Then said Jesus to the twelve, Will ye also go away? Simon Peter answered, Master, to whom should we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life: and we believe and know that thou art the Messiah, the Son of the living God. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve? yet one of you is a spy. He meant Judas Iscariot son of Simon; for it was he who was to betray him, though he was one of the twelve.
VII. After this Jesus travelled about in Galilee; for he would not reside in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him.
2. Now the Jewish feast of tabernacles was near. His brothers, therefore, said to him, Leave this country, and go into Judea, that thy disciples may also see the works which thou dost. For whosoever courteth renown, doth nothing in secret: since thou performest such things, show thyself to the world. (For not even his brothers believed on him.) Jesus answered, My time is not yet come; any time will suit you. The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I disclose the wickedness of its actions. Go ye to this festival. I go not yet thither, because it is not my time. Having said this, he remained in Galilee.
But when his brothers were gone, he also went to the festival, not publicly, but rather privately. At the festival, the Jews inquired after him, and said, Where is he? And there was much whispering among the people concerning him. Some said, He is a good man. Others, No; he seduceth the multitude. Nobody, however, spoke openly of him, for fear of the Jews.
About the middle of the festival, Jesus went into the temple and was teaching. And the Jews said with astonishment, Whence cometh this man's learning who was never taught? Jesus made answer, My doctrine is not mine, but his who sent me. Whoseover is minded to do his will, shall discern whether my doctrine proceed from God or from myself. Whoever teacheth what proceedeth from himself, seeketh to promote his own glory; whosoever seeking to promote the glory of him who sent him, deserveth credit, and is a stranger to deceit. Did not Moses give you the law? Yet none of you keepeth the law. Why do ye seek to kill me? The people answered, Thou art possessed. Who seeketh to kill thee? Jesus replied, I have performed one action which surpriseth you all. Moses instituted circumcision among you (not that it is from Moses, but from the patriarchs,) and ye circumcise on the Sabbath.*[Saturday.] If, on the Sabbath,*[Saturday.] a child receive circumcision, that the law of Moses may not be violated; are ye incensed against me, because I have, on the Sabbath,*[Saturday.] cured a man whose whole body was disabled? Judge not from personal regards, but judge according to justice.
Then some inhabitants of Jerusalem said, Is not this he whom they seek to kill? Lo! he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing to him. Do the rulers indeed acknowledge that this is the Messiah? But we know whence this man is; whereas, when the Messiah shall come, nobody will know whence he is. Jesus, who was then teaching in the temple, cried, Do ye know, both who, and whence, I am? I came not of myself. But he is true who sent me, whom ye know not. As for me, I know him, because I came from him, and am commissioned by him. Then they sought to apprehend him, but none laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come. Many of the people, however, believed on him, and said, When the Messiah shall come, will he do more miracles than this man doth?
32. When the Pharisees heard that the people muttered such things concerning him, they and the chief priests despatched officers to seize him. Jesus therefore said, Yet a little while I remain with you; then I go to him who sent me. Ye shall seek me, but shall not find me, nor be able to get thither where I shal be. The Jews said among themselves, Whither will he go that we shall not find him? Will he go to the dispersed Greeks, and teach the Greeks? What meaneth he by saying, 'Ye shall seek me, but shall not find me, nor be able to get thither where I shall be?'
On the last and greatest day of the festival Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink. He who believeth on me, as the Scripture saith, shall prove a cistern whence rivers of living water shall flow. This he spake of the Spirit which they who believed on him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet [given,] because Jesus was not yet glorified. Many of the people having heard what was spoken, said, This is certainly the Prophet. Some said, This is the Messiah. Others, Doth the Messiah come from Galilee? Doth not the Scripture say, that the Messiah will be of the posterity of David, and come from Bethlehem, the village whence David was? Thus the people were divided concerning him; and some of them would have seized him, but nobody laid hands upon him.
45. Then the officers returned to the chief priests and Pharisees, Who asked them, Wherefore have ye not brought him? The officers answered, Never man spake like this man. The Pharisees replied, Are ye also seduced? Hath any of the rulers, or of the Pharisees, believed on him? But this populace which knoweth not the law is accursed. Nicodemus, one of themselves (he who came to Jesus by night,) said to them, Doth our law permit us to condemn a man without hearing him, and knowing what he hath done? They answered him, Art thou also a Galilean? Search and thou wilt find, that prophets arise not out of Galilee. Then every man went to his house: but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
VIII. 2.--Early in the morning he returned to the temple, and all the people having come to him, he sat down and taught them. Then the scribes and pharisees brought to him a woman taken in adultery, and having placed her in the middle, said to him, Rabbi, this woman was surprised in the act of adultery. Now Moses hath commanded in the law that such should be stoned; but what sayest thou? They said this to try him, that they might have matter for accusing him. But Jesus having stooped down was writing with his finger on the ground. As they continued asking him, he raised himself and said to them, Let him who is sinless amongst you, throw the first stone at her. Again having stooped down, he wrote upon the ground. They hearing that, withdrew one after another, the eldest first, till Jesus was left alone with the woman standing in the middle. Jesus raising himself, and seeing none but the woman, said to her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? Hath nobody passed sentence on thee? She answered, Nobody, Sir. Jesus said unto her, Neither do I pass sentence on thee. Go and sin no more.* [App. No. XXXI.]
Again Jesus addressed the people, saying, I am the light of the world: he who followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. The Pharisees, therefore, retorted, Thou testifiest concerning thyself; thy testimony is not to be regarded. Jesus answered, Though I testify concerning myself, my testimony ought to be regarded; because I know whence I came, and whither I go. As for you, ye know not whence I come, and whither I go. Ye judge from passion; I judge nobody: and if I do, my judgment ought to be regarded; for I am not single, but concur with the Father who sent me. It is a maxim in your law, that the concurrent testimony of two is credible. Now I am one who testify concerning myself; the Father that sent me is another who testifieth of me. Then they asked him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye know neither me, nor my Father: if ye knew me, ye would know my Father also. These things Jesus spake in the treasury, as he taught in the temple, and nobody seized him, his hour not being yet come.
21. Again Jesus said to them, I am going away; ye will seek me, and shall die in your sin; whither I go, ye cannot come. Then said the Jews, Will he kill himself, that he saith, 'Whither I go, ye cannot come?' He said to them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above. Ye are of this world; I am not of this world; therefore I said, Ye shall die in your sins; for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shal die in your sins. They, therefore, asked him, Who art thou? Jesus answered, The same that I told you formerly. I have many things to say of you, and to reprove in you: but he who sent me is worthy of belief; and I do but publish to the world what I have learnt from him. They did not perceive that he meant the Father. Jesus, therefore, said to them, When ye shall have raised the Son of Man on high, then ye shall know what I am; and that I do nothing of myself, and say nothing which the Father hath not taught me. And he who sent me is with me. The Father hath not left me alone, because I always do what pleaseth him. While he spake thus, many believed on him. Jesus, therefore, said to those Jews who believed him, If ye persist in my doctrine, ye are my disciples indeed. And ye shall know the truth; and the truth shall make you free.
Some made answer, We are Abraham's offspring, and were never enslaved to any man. How sayest thou, 'Ye shall be made free?' Jesus replied, Verily, verily, I say unto you, whosoever committeth sin is a slave to sin. Now the slave abideth not in the family perpetually; the son abideth perpetually. If, therefore, the Son make you free, ye will be free indeed. I know that ye are Abraham's offspring, yet ye seek to kill me, because my doctrine hath no place in you. I speak what I have seen with my Father; and ye do what ye have learnt from your father. They answered, Abraham is our father. Jesus replied, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would act as Abraham acted. But now ye seek to kill me, a man who have (sic) told you the truth which I received from God. Abraham acted not thus. Ye do the deeds of your father. They answered; We were not born of fornication. We have one Father, even God. Jesus replied, If God were your Father, ye would love me; for I proceeded, and am come from God. I came not of myself. He sent me. Why do ye not understand my language? It is because ye cannot bear my doctrine. The devil is your father, and the desires of your father ye will gratify: he was a manslayer from the beginning: he swerved from the truth, because there is no veracity in him. When he telleth a lie, he speaketh suitably to his character; for he is a liar, and the father of lying. As for me, because I speak the truth, ye do not believe me. Which of you convicteth me of falsehood? And if I speak truth, why do ye not believe me? He who is of God regardeth God's words. Ye regard them not, because ye are not of God.
48. The Jews then answered, Have we not reason to say, Thou art a Samaritan, and hast a demon? Jesus replied, I have not a demon; but I honour my Father, and ye dishonour me. As for me, I seek not to proite my own glory; another seeketh it who judgeth. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whoever keepeth my word, shall never see death. The Jews then said to him, Now we are certain that thou hast a demon: Abraham is dead, and the prophets; yet thou sayest, 'Whoever keepeth my word, shall never taste death.' Art thou greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? The prophets also are dead: whom thinkest thou thyself? Jesus answered, If I commend myself, my commendation is nothing: it is my Father whom ye call your God who commendeth me. Nevertheless ye know him not; but I know him; and if I should say, I know him not, I should speak falsely like you: but I know him, and keep his word. Abraham your father longed to see my day, and he saw and rejoiced. The Jews replied, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and thou hast seen Abraham? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was born, I am. Then they took up stones to cast at him; but Jesus concealed himself and went out of the temple, passing through the midst of them.
IX. As Jesus passed along, he saw a man who had been born blind. And his disciples asked him, saying, Rabbi, who sinned; this man or his parents, that he was born blind? jesus answered, Neither this man nor his parents sinned. It was only that the works of God might be displayed upon him. I must do the work of him who sent me, while it is day; night cometh when no man can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world. Having said this, he spat upon the ground, and with the clay which he made with the spittle, anointed the blind man's eyes, and said to him, Go wash thine eyes in the pool of Siloam (which signifieth Sent.*[In the Old Testament, Shiloah and Siloah.]) He went therefore and washed them, and returned seeing.
8. Then the neighbours, and they who had before seen him blind, said, Is not this he who sat and begged? Some said, It is he; others, He is like him. He said, I am he. They asked him then, How didst thou receive thy sight? He answered, A man called Jesus, made clay and anointed mine eyes, and said to me, 'Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash thine eyes.' I went accordingly, and washed them, and saw. Then they asked him, Where is he? He answered, I know not.
Then they brought him who had been blind to the Pharisees: (now it was on a Sabbath that Jesus made the clay and gave him his sight.) The Pharisees likewise, therefore, asked him, how he had received his sight. He answered, He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed them, and now see. Upon this some of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, for he observeth not the Sabbath. Others said, How can one that is a sinner perform such miracles? And they were divided among themselves. Again they asked the man who had been blind, What sayest thou of him for giving thee sight? He answered, He is a Prophet.
But the Jews believed not that the man had been blind, and had received his sight, until they called his parents and asked them, Do ye say that this is your son who was born blind? How then doth he now see? His parents answered, We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind; but how he now seeth we know not. He is of age, ask him; he will answer for himself. His parents spoke thus, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had already determined that whosoever acknowledged Jesus to be the Messiah should be expelled the synagogue. For this reason his parents said, 'He is of age, ask him.'
24. A second time, therefore, they called the man who had been born blind, and said to him, Give glory to God; we know that this man is a sinner. He replied, Whether he be a sinner, I know not: one thing I know, that I was blind, and now see. They said to him again, What did he to thee? How did he make thee see? He answered, I told you before; did ye not hear? Why would ye hear it repeated? Will ye also be his disciples? Then they reviled him and said, Thou art his disciple. As for us, we are disciples of Moses. We know that God spake to Moses; as for this man, we know not whence he is. The man replied, This is surprising, that ye know not whence he is, although he hath given me sight. We know that God heareth not sinners; but if any man worship God, and obey him, that man he heareth. Never was it heard before, that any man gave sight to one born blind. If this man were not from God, he could do nothing. They replied, Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us? And they cast him out.
Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having met him, said to him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God? He answered, Who is he, Sir, that I may believe on him? Jesus said to him, Not only hast thou seen him; but it is he who talketh with thee. And he cried, Master, I believe, and threw himself prostrate before him. And Jesus said, For judgment am I come into this world, that they who see not, may see; and they who see, may become blind. Some Pharisees, who were present, hearing this, said to him, Are we also blind? Jesus answered, If ye were blind, ye would not have sin; but ye say, 'We see,' therefore your sin remaineth.
X. Verily, verily, I say unto you, he who entereth not by the door into the sheep-fold, but climbeth over the fence, is a thief and a robber. The shepherd always entereth by the door. To him the door-keeper openeth, and the sheep obey his voice. His own sheep he calleth by name and leadeth out. And having put out his sheep, he walketh before them, and they follow him, because they know his voice. They will not follow a stranger, but flee from him, because they know not the voice of strangers. Jesus addressed this similitude to them, but they did not comprehend what he said. He therefore added, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the fold. All who have entered [in another manner] are thieves and robbers, but the sheep obeyed them not. I am the door: such as enter by me shall be safe: they shall go in and out, and find pasture. The thief cometh only to steal, to slay, and to destroy. I am come that they may have life, and more than life.
11. I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. The hireling, who is not the shepherd, and to whom the sheep do not belong, when he seeth the wolf coming, abandoneth the sheep and fleeth: and the wolf teareth some and disperseth the flock. The hirelong fleeth, because he is a hireling, and careth not for the sheep. I am the good shepherd. I both know my own, and am known by them; (even as the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father;) and I give my life for the sheep. I have other sheep besides, which are not of this fold. Them I must also bring; and they will obey my voice; and there shall be one flock, one shepherd. For this the Father loveth me, because I give my life, to be afterwards resumed. No one forceth it from me; but I give it of myself. I have power to give it, and I have power to resume it. This commission I have received from my Father.
Again there was a division among the Jews, occasioned by this discourse. Many of them said, He hath a demon and is mad; why do ye hear him? Others said, These are not the words of a demoniac. Can a demon give sight to the blind?
Once, when they were celebrating the feast of the dedication at Jerusalem, it being winter; as Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's portico, the Jews surrounding him, said to him, How long wilt thou keep us in suspense? If thou be the Messiah, tell us plainly. Jesus answered, I said to you, but ye believed not; 'the works which I do in my Father's name testify of me.' As for you, ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep. 'My sheep,' as I told you, 'obey my coice;' I know them, and they follow me. Besides, I give them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any one wrest them out of my hands. My Father, who gave them me, is greater than all; and none can wrest them out of my Father's hand. I and the Father are one.
31. Then the Jews again took up stones to stone him. Jesus said to them, Many good works I have shown you from my Father; for which of these works do ye stone me? The Jews answered, For a good work we do not stone thee; for blasphemy, because thou, being a man, makest thyself God. Jesus replied, Is it not written in your law, "I said, Ye are gods?" If the law styled them gods to whom the word of God was addressed, and if the language of Scripture is unexceptionable; do ye charge him with blasphemy, whom the Father hath consecreated his Apostle to the world, for calling himself his Son? If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works, that ye may know and believe that the Father is in me, and I am in him.
Thereupon, they attempted again to seize him; but he escaped out of their hands, and retired again towards the Jordan, and abode in the place where John first immersed. And many resorted to him, who said, John indeed wrought no miracle; but all that John spake of this man is true. And many believed on him there.
XI. Now one Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha, was sick. (It was that Mary who anointed the Lord with balsam, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.) The sisters therefore sent to tell Jesus: Master, lo, he whom thou lovest is sick. Jesus hearing it, said, This sickness will not prove fatal, but conduce to the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified thereby. Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. Having then heard that he was sick, Jesus staid two days in the place where he was.
Afterwards he said to the disciples, Let us return to Judea. The disciples answered, Rabbi, but very lately the Jews would have stoned thee, and wouldst thou return thither? Jesus replied, ARe there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world: but if he walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light. Having spoken this, he added, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth, but I go to wake him. Then said his disciples, Master, if he sleep, he will recover. Jesus spake of his death; but they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep. Then Jesus told them plainly, Lazarus is dead. And on your account I am glad that I was not there, that ye may believe; but let us go to him. Then Thomas,*[Thomas in Chaldee, and *Didymus in Greek, both signify twin.] that is Didymus,*[second part of footnote above] said to his fellow-disciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.
17. When Jesus came, he found that Lazarus had been already four days in the tomb. (Now Bethany being about fifteen furlongs*[Near two miles.] from Jerusalem,) many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary to comfort them on the death of their brother. Martha having heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him; but Mary remained in the house. Then Martha said to Jesus, Master, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But I know that even now, whatsoever thou shalt ask of God, God will give thee. Jesus said to her, Thy brother shall rise again. Martha replied, I know that he will rise again at the resurrection on the last day. Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection and the life. He who believeth on me, though he were dead, shall live; and no man who liveth and believeth on me, shall ever die. Believest thou this? She answered, Yes, Master, I believe that thou art the Messiah, the Son of God, he who cometh into the world. Having heard this, she went and called Mary her sister, whispering her, (sic) The teacher is come, and calleth for thee. When Mary heard this, she instantly rose and went to him. Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was in the place where Martha met him. The Jews, then, who were condoling with Mary in the house, when they saw that she arose hastily, and went out, followed her, saying, She is going to the tomb to weep there. Mary being come to the place where Jesus was, and seeing him, threw herself at his feet, saying, Hadst thou been here, Master, my brother had not died. When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews weeping who came with her, he groaned deeply, and was troubled, and said, Where have ye laid him? They answered and said, Master, come and see. Jesus wept. The Jews therefore said, Mark how he loved him. But some of them said, Could not he who gave sight to the blind man, even prevented this man's death? Jesus therefore again groaning came to the monument. It was a cave, the entrance whereof was shut up with a stone. Jesus said, Remove the stone. Martha, the sister of the deceased, answered, Sir, by this time the smell is offensive, for this is the fourth day. Jesus replied, Said I not unto thee, 'If thou believe, thou shalt see the glory of God?' Then they removed the stone. And Jesus lifting up his eyes, said, Father, I think thee that thou hast heard me. As for me, I know that thou hearest me always; but I speak for the people's sake who surround me, that they may believe that thou hast sent me. After these words, raising his voice, he cried, Lazarus, come forth. And he who had been dead came forth, bound hand and foot with fillets, and his face wrapped in a handkerchief. Jesus said to them, Unbind him, and let him go. Many therefore of the Jews who had come to Mary, and seen what Jesus did, believed on him. But some of them repaired to the pharisees, and told them what Jesus had done.
47. Whereupon the chief priests and the pharisees assembled the sanhedrim, and said, What are we doing? for this man worketh many miracles. If we let him go on this, every body will believe on him, and the Romans will come and destroy both our place and nation. One of them named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, Ye are utterly at a loss, and do not consider, that it is better for us that one man die for the people, than that the whole nation should be ruined.*[App. No. XXXII.] This he spake, not of himself, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for the nation; and not for that nation only, but that he should assemble into one body, the dispersed children of God. From that day, therefore, they concerted how they might destroy him. For this reason Jesus appeared no longer publicly among the Jews, but retired to the country, near the desert, so (sic) a city called Ephraim, and continued there with his disciples.
Meantime the Jewish passover approached, and many went to Jerusalem from the country, before the passover, to purify themselves. These inquired after Jesus, and said one to another, as they stood in the temple, What think ye? Will he not come to the festival? Now the chief priests and the pharisees had issued an order that whosoever knew where he was, should discover it, that they might apprehend him.
XII. Six days before the passover Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom he had raised from the dead. There they made him a supper, and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of those who were at table with him. Then Mary taking a pound of the balsam of spikenard, which was very valuable, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped them with her hair, so that the house was filled with the odour of the balsam. Whereupon one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, who was to betray him, said, Why was not this balsam sold for three hundred denarii,*[About 36 dollars.] which might have been given to the poor? This he said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the purse, and carried what was put therein. Then Jesus said, Let her alone. She hath reserved this to embalm me agaisnt the day of my burial. For ye will always have the poor among you; but me ye will not always have.
9. A great number of the Jews, knowing where he was, flocked thither, not on account of Jesus only, but likewise to see Lazarus whom he had raised from the dead. The chief priests, therefore, determined to kill Lazarus also; because he proved the occasion that many Jews forsook them, and believed on Jesus.
On the morrow a great multitude who were come to the festival, hearing that Jesus was on the road to Jerusalem, took branches of
palm-trees, and went to meet him, crying, Hosanna!*[Save now I pray.] blessed be Israel's King who cometh in the name of the Lord.*[Jehovah.] Now Jesus having found a young ass, was riding thereon, agreeably to what is written, "Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt." These things the disciples did not understand at first; but after Jesus was glorified, they remembered that thus it had been written concerning him, and that thus they had done unto him. And the people who had been present attested that he called Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from the dead. It was the rumour that he had wrought this miracle, which made the people crowd to meet him. The pharisees therefore said among themselves, Are ye not sensible that ye have no influence? Behold the world is gone after him.
Now among those who came to worship at the festival, there were some Greeks. These applied to Philip of Bethsaida in Galilee, making this request, Sir, we wish to see Jesus. Philip went and told Andrew: then Andrew and Philip told Jesus.
23. Jesus answered them, saying, The time is come when the Son of Man must be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, when a grain of wheat is thrown into the ground, unless it die, it remaineth single; but if it die, it becometh very fruitful. He who loveth his life, shall lose it; and he who hateth his life in this world, shall preserve it eternally in the next. Would any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall my servant also be. If any man serve me, my Father will reward him.
Now is my soul troubled, and what shall I say? [Shall I say] 'Father, save me from this hour?' But I came on purpose for this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came a voice from heaven, which said, I have both glorified, and will again glorify it. The people present heard the sound, and said, It thundered: others said, A heavenly messenger spake to him. Jesus said, This voice came not for my sake, but for yours. Now must this world be judged. Now must the prince of this world be cast out. As for me, when I shall be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all men to myself. This he said alluding to the death which he was to suffer. The people answered, We have learnt from the law that the Messiah will live for ever. How sayest thou then that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is this, the Son of Man? Jesus said to them, Yet a little while the light continueth with you; walk, while ye have it, lest darkness overtake you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. Confide in the ligth, while ye enjoy it, that ye may be sons of light. Having spoken these words, he withdrew himself privately from them.
But though he had performed so many miracles before them, they believed not on him; so that the word of the Prophet Isaiah was verified, "Lord, who hath believed our report?" and "To whom his the arm of the Lord*[Jehovah.] discovered?" For this reason they could not believe; Isaiah having said also, "He hath blinded their eyes, and blunted their understanding, that they might not see with their eyes, comprehend with their understanding, and repent that I might reclaim them." These things said Isaiah, when he saw his glory and spake concerning him. Nevertheless there were several even of the magistrates who believed on him, but, for fear of the Pharisees, did not avow it, lest they should be expelled the synagogue: for they preferred the approbation of men to the approbation of God.
44. Then Jesus raising his voice, said, He who believeth on me, it is not on me he believeth, but on him who sent me. And he who beholdeth me, beholdeth him who sent me. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me, may not remain in darkness. And if any man hear my words, but do not observe them; it is not I who condemn him; for I came, not to condemn the world, but to save the world. He who despiseth me and rejecteth my instructions, hath what condemneth him. The doctrine which I have taught will condemn him at the last day. For I have not said any thing from myself, but the Father who sent me, hath commanded me what I should enjoin, and what I should teach. And I know that his commandment is eternal life. Whatever therefore I say, I speak as the Father hath given me in charge.
XIII. Jesus having, before the feast of the passover, perceived that his time to remove out of this world to his Father was come, and having loved his own who were in the world, loved them to the last. Now while they were at supper (the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,) Jesus, though he knew that the Father had subjected every thing to him, and that he came from God, and was returning to God, arose from supper, and laying aside his mantle, girt himself about with a towel. Then he poured water into the bason, and began to wash the fet of his disciples, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
When he came to Simon Peter, Peter said to him, Master, wouldst thou wash my feet? Jesus answered, At present thou dost not comprehend what I am doing; but thou shalt know hereafter. Peter replied, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered, Unless I wash thee, thou canst have no part with me. Simon Peter said to him, Master, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head. Jesus replied, He who hath been bathing, needeth only to wash his feet; the rest of his body being clean. ye are clean, but not all. For he knew who would betray him; therefore he said, 'Ye are not all clean.'
12. After he had washed their feet, he put on his mantle, and replacing himself at the table, said to them, Do ye understand what I have been doing to you? Ye call me the Teacher and the Master; and ye say right; for so I am. If I then, the Master and the Teacher, have washed your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's feet (sic) For I have given you an example that ye should do as I have done unto you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, the servant is not greater than his master, nor the apostle greater than he who sendeth him. Happy are ye who know these things, provided ye practise them.
I speak not of you all. I know whom I have chosen; but that Scripture must be fulfilled, "He that eateth at my table, has lifted his heel against me." I tell you this now before it happen, that when it happeneth, ye may believe that I am the person. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth me; and he that receiveth me, receiveth him who sent me.
After uttering these words, Jesus was troubled in spirit, and declared, saying, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you will betray me. Then the disciples looked one upon another, doubting of whom he spake. Now one of his disciples, one whom Jesus loved, was lying close to his breast: Simon Peter, therefore, beckoned to him to inquire whom he meant. He then reclining on Jesus' bosom, said to him, Master, who is it? Jesus answered, It is he to whom I shall give this morsel, after I have dipped it. And having dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, Simon's son. After receiving the morsel, Satan entered into him. Then Jesus said to him, What thou dost, do quickly. But none at the table knew why he gave this order. Some imagined, because Judas had the purse, that Jesus had signified to him to buy necessaries for the festival, or to give something to the poor. When Judas had taken the morsel, he immediately went out: and it was night.
31. When he was gone, Jesus said, The Son of Man is now glorified, and God is glorified by him. If God be glorified by him, God also will glorify him by himself, and that without delay. My children, I have now but a little time to be with you. Ye will seek me; and what I said to the Jews, 'Whither I go, ye cannot come,' I say at present to you. A new commandment I give you, that ye love one another; that as I have loved you, ye also love one another. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
Simon Peter said to him, Master, whither art thou going? Jesus answered, Whither I am going thou canst not follow me now, but afterwards thou shalt follow me. Peter replied, Master, why cannot I follow thee presently? I will lay down my life for thy sake. Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, the cock shall not crow, until thou hast disowned me thrice.
XIV. Let not your heart be troubled; believe on God and believe on me. In my Father's house are many mansions. If it were otherwise, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you: and after I shall have gone and prepared a place for you, I will return and take you with me, that where I am, there ye also may be. And wither I am going ye know, and the way ye know. Thomas said to him, Master, we know not whither thou art going. How, then, can we know the way? Jesus answered, I am the way, and the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. Had ye known me, ye would have known my Father also; and henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.
Philip said unto him, Master, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Jesus replied, Have I been with you so long, and dost thou not yet know me, Philip? He that hath seen me, hath seen the Father. How sayest thou then, 'Show us the Father?' Dost thou not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me? The words which I speak to you, proceed not from myself: as to the works, it is the Father dwelling in me who doth them. Believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me; if not on my testimony, be convinced by the works themselves. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He who believeth on me, shall himself do such works as I do; nay, even greater than these he shall do; because I go to my Father, and will do whatsoever ye shall ask in my name. That the Father may be glorified in the Son, whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, I will do.
15. If ye love me, keep my commandments; and I will entreat the Father, and he will give you another Monitor to continue with you for ever, even the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither seeth him, nor knoweth him; but ye shall know him, because he will abide with you, and be in you. I will not leave you orphans; I will return unto you. Yet a little while, and the world shall see me no more; but ye shall see me; because I shall live, ye also shall live. On that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye are in me, and I am in you. He that hath my commandments and keepeth them, he it is who loveth me; and he who loveth me will be loved of my father, and I will love him, and discover myself unto him. Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, Master, wherefore wilt thou discover thyself to us, and not unto the world? Jesus answering, said unto him, If a man love me, he will observe my word; and my Father will love him; and we will come to him, and dwell with him. He who loveth me not, disregardeth my words; yet the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father's who sent me.
I tell you these things while I remain with you. But the Monitor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name; he will teach you all things, and remind you of all that I have told you. Peace I leave you, my peace I give you; not as the world giveth, do I give unto you. Be not disheartened; be not intimidated. Ye have heard me say, 'I go away and will return to you.' If ye loved me, ye would rejoice that I go to the Father; because my Father is greater than I. This I tell you now before it happen, that when it happeneth, ye may believe. I shall not henceforth have much conversation with you; for the prince of the world is coming, though he will find nothing in me; but this must be, that the world may know that I love the Father, and do whatsoever he commandeth me. Arise, let us go hence.
XV. I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine-dresser. Every barren branch in me he loppeth off; every fruitful branch he cleaneth by pruning, to render it more fruitful. As for you, ye are already clean through the instructions I have given you. Abide in me, and I will abide in you: as the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it adhere to the vine; no more can ye, unless ye adhere to me. I am the vine; ye are the branches. He who abideth in me, and in whom I abide, produceth much fruit: for severed from me ye can do nothing. If any man adhere not to me, he is cast forth like the withered branches which are gathered for fuel, and burnt. If ye abide by me, and my words abide in you, ye may ask what ye will, and it shall be granted you.
8. Herein is my Father glorified, that ye produce much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples. As the Father loveth me, so love I you: continue in my love. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall continue in my love; as I have kept my Father's commandments, and continue in his love. I give you these admonitions, that I may continue to have joy in you, and that your joy may be complete: this is my commandment, that ye love one another, as I love you. Greater love hath not any man than this, to lay down his life for his friends. Ye are my friends, if ye do whatever I command you. Henceforth I call not you servants; for the servant knoweth not what his master will do; but I name you friends: for whatever I have learnt from my Father, I impart unto you. It is not you who have chosen me; but it is I who have chosen you, and ordained you to go and bear fruit, fruit which will prove permanent, that the Father may give you whatsoever ye shall ask him in my name.
17. This I command you, that ye love one another. If the world hate you, consider that it hated me before it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would love its own. But because ye are not of the world, I having selected you from the world; the world hateth you. Remember what I said to you, 'The servant is not greater than his master.' If they have persecuted me, they wil also persecute you; if they have observed my word, they will also observe yours. But all this treatment they will give you, on my account, because they know not him who sent me. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin; but now they have no excuse for their sin. He that hateth me, hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them such works as none other ever did, they had not had sin; but now they have seen them, and yet hated both me and my Father. Thus they verify that passage in their law, "They hated me without cause." But when the Monitor is come, whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth who proceedeth from the Father, he will testify concerning me. And ye also will testify, because ye have been with me from the beginning.
XVI. These things I tell you, that ye may not be insnared. They will expel you the synagogue; nay, the time is coming, when whosoever killeth you, will think he offereth sacrifice to God. And these things they will do because they know not the Father nor me. These things I now warn you of, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I mentioned them to you. I did not indeed mention them at the beginning, because I was with you myself. And now that I go to him who sent me, none of you asketh me, 'Whither goest thou?' But because of those things which I have foretold you, ye are overwhelmed with grief.
Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is for your good that I depart; for if I do not depart, the Monitor will not come to you; but if I go away, I will send him to you. And when he is come, he will convince the world concerning sin, and concerning righteousness, and conerning judgment: concerning sin, because they believe not on me; concerning righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.
I have many things still to tell you, but ye cannot yet bear them. But when the Spirit of Truth is come, he will conduct you into all the truth: for his words will not proceed from himself: but whatsoever he shall have heard, he will speak, and show you things to come. He will glorify me: for he will receive of mine what he shall communicate to you. Whatsoever is the Father's is mine; therefore I say that he will receive of mine to communicate to you.
16. Within a little while ye shall not see me; a little while after ye shall see me; because I go to the Father. Some of the disciples said among themselves, What meaneth he by this, 'Within a little while ye shall not see me; a little while after ye shall see me; because I go to the Father?' What meaneth this little while of which he speaketh? We do not comprehend it. Jesus perceiving that they were desirous to ask him, said to them, Do ye inquire amongst yourselves about this that I said, 'Within a little while ye shall not see me; a little while after ye shall see me?' Verily, verily, I say unto you, ye will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice: ye will be sorrowful; but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. A woman in travail hath sorrow, because her hour is come. But when her son is born, she remembereth her anguish no longer, for joy that she hath brought a man into the world. So ye at present are in grief; but I will visit you again, and your hearts shall be joyful, and none shall robe you of your joy. On that day ye will put no questions to me. Verily, verily, I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give you. Hitherto ye have asked nothing in my name; ask and ye shall receive, that your joy may be complete.
These things I have spoken to you in figures: the time approacheth when I shall no more discourse to you in figures, but instruct you plainly concerning the Father. Then ye will ask in my name, and I say not that I will entreat the Father for you: for the Father himself loveth you, because ye love me, and believe that I came from God. From the presence of the Father I came into the world. Again I leave the world, and return to the Father. His disciples replied, Now indeed thou speakest plainly, and without a figure. Now we are convinced that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any should put questions to thee. By this we believe that thou camest forth from God. Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe? Behold the time cometh, or rather is come, when ye shall disperse, every one to his own, and shall leave me alone; yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye may have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation. But take courage! I have overcome the world.
XVII. When Jesus had ended his discourse, he said, lifting up his eyes to heaven, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee; that being endowed by thee with authority over all men, he may bestow eternal life on all those whom thou hast given him. Now this is the life eternal, to know thee the only true God, and Jesus the Messiah thy apostle. I have glorified thee upon the earth; I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. And now, Father, glorify thou me in thine own presence with that glory which I enjoyed with thee before the world was.
6. I have made known thy name to the men whom thou hast given me out of the world. They were thine; and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Whatsoever thou hast given me, they now know to have come from thee; and that thou hast imparted unto me the doctrine which I have imparted unto them. They have received it [as such,] knowing for certain, that I came forth from thee, and am commissioned by thee. It is for them that I pray. I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me, because they are thine. And all mine are thine, and thine mine, and I am glorified in them. I continue no longer in the world; but these continue in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, preserve them in thy name which thou hast given me, that they may be one as we are. While I was with them int he world, I kept them in thy name; those whom thou hast given me I have preserved. None of them is lost, except the son of perdition, as the Scripture foretold. But now that I am coming to thee, I speak these things in the world, that their joy in me may be complete. I have delivered thy word to them, and the world hateth them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. I do not pray thee to remove them out of the world, but to preserve them from evil. Of the world they are not, as I am not of the world. Consecrate them by the truth; thy word is the truth. As thou hast made me thy apostle to the world, I have made them my apostles to the world. And I consecrate myself for them, that they may be consecrated through the truth.
20. Nor do I pray for these alone, but for those also who shall believe on me through their teaching; that all may be one; that as thou Father art in me, and I am in thee, they also may be one in us, that the world may believe that thou hast sent me; and that thou gavest me the glory which I have given them; that they may be one as we are one; I in them, and thou in me, that their union may be perfected, and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and that thou lovest them as thou lovest me. Father, I would that where I shall be, those whom thou hast given me may be with me, that they may behold my glory which thou gavest me, because thou lovedst me before the formation of the world. Righteous Father, though the world knoweth not thee, I know thee; and these know that I have thy commission. And to them I have communicated, and will communicate, thy name; that I being in them, they may share in the love wherewith thou lovest me.
XVIII. When Jesus had spoken these words, he passed with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where was a garden, into which he entered and his disciples. Now Judas who betrayed him knew the place, because Jesus often resorted thither with his disciples. Then Judas having gotten the cohort,*[A Roman troop of soldiers, containing about five hundred.] and officers from the chief priests and the pharisees, came thither with lanterns, and torches, and arms. But Jesus, who knew all that was coming upon him, went forth and said to them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus replied, I am he. Now Judas who betrayed him was with them. He had no sooner said to them, 'I am he,' than they going backwards fell to the ground. He therefore asked them again, Whom seek ye? They said Jesus the Nazarene. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he. If, therefore, ye seek me, let these go away. Thus was that which he had spoken verified, 'of those whom thou gavest me I have lost none.' Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. Now the servant's name was Malchus. Jesus then said to Peter, Put up the sword into the scabbard. Shall I not drink the cup which the Father hath given me?
Then the cohort and their commander, and the Jewish officers, apprehended Jesus, and having bound him, brought him first to Annas,*[Called by Josephus, Ananus.] because he was father-in-law to Caiaphas who was high priest that year. Now it was Caiaphas who had said in council to the Jews, 'It is expedient that one man die for the people.'
15. Meantime Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. That disciple being known to the high priest, entered his court-yard with Jesus. But Peter stood without at the door. Therefore the other disciple who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the portress, and brought in Peter. Then this maid the portress, said to Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He answered, I am not. Now the servants and the officers stood near a fire which they had made, because it was cold, and warmed themselves. And Peter was standing with them, and warming himself.
Then the high priest interrogated Jesus concerning his disciples and his doctrine. Jesus answered, I spake openly to the world; I always taught in the synagogues and in the temple, whither the Jews constantly resort. I said nothing in secret. Why examinest thou me? Examine them who heard me teach. They know what I said. When he had spoken thus, one of the officers who attended, gave him a blow and said, Answerest thou thus the high priest? Jesus replied, If I have spoken amiss, show wherein it is amiss; if well, why smitest thou me? Now Annas had sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
As Peter stood warming himself, they asked him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it and said, I am not. One of the servants of the high priest, a kinsman to him, whose ear Peter had cut off, said, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? Peter denied again, and immediately the cock crew.
Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the pretorium:*[Procurator's palace, or hall of audience.] it was now morning; but the Jews entered not the pretorium, lest they should be defiled, and so not in a condition to eat the passover. Pilate, therefore, went out to them and said, Of what do ye accuse this man? They answered, If he were not a criminal, we would not have delivered him to thee. Pilate, therefore, said, Take him yourselves then, and judge him according to your law. The Jews replied, We are not permitted to put any man to death. And thus what Jesus had spoken, signifying what death he should die, was accomplished.
33. Then Pilate returned to the pretorium, and having called Jesus, said to him, Thou art the king of the Jews? Jesus answered, Sayest thou this of thyself? or did others tell thee so concerning me? Pilate replied, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation, yea, the chief priests have delivered thee to me. What hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my adherents would have fought to prevent my falling into the hands of the Jews; but my kingdom is not hence. Pilate thereupon said, Thou art king then? jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am king. For this I was born; and for this I came into the world, to give testimony to the truth. Whosoever is of the truth, hearkeneth to me. Pilate asked him, What is truth? and so saying, went out again to the Jews, and said to them, For my part, I find nothing culpable in this man. But, since it is customary that I release to you one at the passover, will ye that I release to you the king of the Jews? Then they all cried, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.
XIX. Then Pilate caused him to be scourged. And the soldiers crowned him with a wreath of thorn which they had platted; and having thrown a purple mantle about him, said, Hail! king of the Jews! and gave him blows on the face. Pilate, therefore, went out again and said to them, Lo, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find in him nothing culpable. Jesus then went forth wearing the crown of thorns and the purple mantle; and Pilate said to them, Behold the man! When the chief priests and the officer saw him, they cried, saying, Crucify, crucify him. Pilate said to them, Take him yourselves and crucify him; as for me, I find no fault in him. The Jews answered, We have a law, and by that law he ought to die, because he assumed the title of Son of God.
When Pilate heard this, he was the more afraid, and having returned to the pretorium, said to Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. Then Pilate said to him, Wilt thou not speak unto me? Knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and power to release thee? Jesus replied, Thou couldst have no power over me, unless it were given unto thee from above; wherefore he who delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. Thenceforth Pilate sought to release him; but the Jews exclaimed, If thou release this man, thou art not Cesar's friend. Whoever calleth himself king, opposeth Cesar.
13. Pilate, on hearing these words, ordered Jesus to be brought forth, and sat down on the tribunal in a place named the pavement, in Hebrew Gabbatha.*[A raised place.] (Now it was the preparation*[Friday.] of the paschal Sabbath, about the sixth hour.*[Twelve o'clock, noon.] And he said to the Jews, Behold your king. But they cried out, Away, away with him; crucify him. Pilate said to them, Shall I crucify your king? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cesar. He delivered him, therefore, to them to be crucified.
Then they took Jesus and led him away. And he carrying his cross, went out to a place called the place of sculls,*[Vul. Calvary.] which is in Hebrew Golgotha, where they crucified him and two others with him, one on each side, and Jesus in the middle. Pilate also wrote a title, and put it upon the cross. The words were, JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS. And many of the Jews read this title (for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin; whereupon the chief priests said to Pilate, Write not 'the king of the Jews,' but 'who calleth himself king of the Jews.' Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.
When the soldiers had nailed Jesus to the cross, they took his mantle, and divided it into four parts, one to every soldier: they also took the coat, which was seamless, woven from the top throughout, and said among themselves, Let us not tear it, but determine by lot whose it shall be; thereby verifying the Scripture which saith, "They shared my mantle among them, and cast lots for my vesture." Thus therefore acted the soldiers.
Now there stood near the cross of Jesus, his mother, and her sister Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary the Magdalene. Then Jesus observing his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing by, said to his mother, Woman, behold thy son. Then he said to the disciple, Behold thy mother. And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.
After this Jesus, knowing that all was now accomplished; that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, I thirst. As there was a vessel there full of vinegar, they filled a spunge with vinegar, and having fastened it to a twig of hyssop, held it to his mouth. When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished, and bowing his head, yielded up his spirit.
31. The Jews, therefore, lest the bodies should remain on the cross ont he Sabbath,*[Saturday.] for it was the preparation*[Friday.] (and that Sabbath was a great day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and the bodies might be removed. Accordingly the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who were crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, whence blood and water immediately issued. He was an eye-witness who attesteth this, and his testimony deserveth credit: nay, he is conscious that he speaketh truth, that ye may believe. For these things happened that the Scripture might be verified, "None of his bones shall be broken." Again, the Scripture saith elsewhere, "They shall look on him whom they have pierced."
38. After this Joseph the Arimathean, who was a disciple of Jesus, but a concealed disciple, for fear of the Jews, asked permission of Pilate to take away the body of Jesus; which Pilate having granted, he went and took the body of Jesus. Nicodemus also, who had formerly repaired to Jesus by night, came and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about a hundred pounds. These men took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen rollers with the spices, which is the Jewish manner of embalming. Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new monument wherein no one had ever yet been laid. There they deposited Jesus on account of the Jewish preparation,*[Friday.] the monument being near.
XX. The first day of the week*[Sunday.] Mary the Magdalene went early to the monument, while it was yet dark, and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. Then she came running to Simon Peter, and to that other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, They have taken the Master out of the monument, and we know not where they have laid him. Immediately Peter went out, and the other discsiple, to go to the monument. And both ran together, but the other disciple out-ran Peter, and came first to the monument; and stooping down, he saw the linen rollers lying, but went not in. Then came Simon Peter, who followed him, and went into the monument, where he observed the rollers lying, and the handkerchief which had been wrapped about his head, not laid beside them, but folded up in a place by itself. Then the other disciple, who came first to the monument, entered also; and he saw and believed [the report.] For as yet they did not understand from the Scriptures that he was to rise from the dead. Then the disciples returned to their companions.
11. But Mary stood without near the monument weeping. As she wept, stooping down to look into the monument, she saw two messengers in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head, the other at the feet. And they said to her, Woman, why weepest thou? She answered, Because they have taken away my Master, and I know not where they have laid him. Having said this, she turned about and saw Jesus standing, but knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus said to her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She supposing him to be the gardener, answered, Sir, if thou have conveyed him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. Jesus said to her, Mary. She turning said to him, Rabboni, that is, Doctor. Jesus said to her, Lay not hands on me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brethren, and say unto them, 'I ascend to my Father and your Father, my God and your God.' Mary the Magdalene went and informed the disciples that she had seen the Maser, and that he had spoken these things to her.
19. In the evening of that day, the first of the week,*[Sunday.] Jesus came where the disciples were convened (the doors having been shut for fear of the Jews, and stood in the midst, and said to them, Peace be unto you. Having said this, he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples, therefore, rejoiced when they saw it was their Master. Jesus said again to them, Peace be unto you. As the Father hath sent me, so send I you. After these words he breathed on them, and said unto them, Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins soever ye remit, are remitted to them; and whose sins soever ye retain, are retained.
Now Thomas,*[See ch. xi. 16.] that is Didymus,*[See ch. xi. 16] one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples, therefore, said to him, We have seen the Master. But he answered, Unless I see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger to the print of the nails, and my hand to his side, I will not believe. Eight days after, the disciples being again in the house, and Thomas with them, Jesus came, the doors having been shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. Then turning to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, he said, and look at my hands; reach also thy hand and feel my side, and be not incredulous, but believe. And Thomas answered, and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus replied, Because thou seest me, Thomas, thou believest; happy they who, having never seen, shall nevertheless believe.
Many other miracles Jesus likewise performed in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But these are recorded that ye may believe, that Jesus is the Messiah the Son of God, and that believing ye may have life through his name.
XXI. Afterwards Jesus again appeared to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias, and in this manner he appeared. Simon Peter and Thomas, that is, Didymus, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two others disciples of Jesus being together, Simon Peter said, I go a-fishing. They answered, We will go with thee. Immediately they went, and got aboard a bark, but that night caught nothing. In the morning Jesus stood on the shore; the disciples, however, knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus said to them, My lads, have ye any victuals? They answered, No. Cast the net, cried he, on the right side of the bark, and ye will find. They did so, but were not able to draw it, by reason of the multitude of fishes. Then that disciple whom Jesus loved, said to Peter, It is the Master. Simon Peter hearing that it was the Master, girt on his upper garment (which he had laid aside) and threw himself into the sea. But the other disciples came in the boat (for they were not farther from land than about two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with the fishes. When they came ashore they saw a fire burning and fish laid thereon and bread. Jesus said to them, Bring of the fishes which ye have now taken. Simon Peer went back and drew the net to land, full of large fishes, a hundred and fifty-three; and the net was not rent, notwithstanding the number. Jesus said to them, Come and dine. Meantime none of the disciples ventured to ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Master. Jesus then drew near, and taking bread and fish, distributed among them. This is the third time that Jesus appeared to his disciples after his resurrection.
15. When they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these?*[App. No. XXXIII.] He answered, Yes, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus replied, Feed my lambs. A second time he said, Simon son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He answered, Yes, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus replied, Tend my sheep. A third time he said, Simon son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter grieved at his asking this question a third time, answered, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus replied, Feed my sheep. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, in thy youth thou girtest thyself, and wentest whither thou wouldst; but in thine old age, thou shalt stretch out thy hands; and another will gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldst not. This he spake, signifying by what death he should glorify God. After these words he said to him, Follow me.
20. And Peter turning about saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following (the same who leaning on his breast at the supper, had asked who it was that would betray him.) Peter seeing him, said to Jesus, And what, Lord, shall become of this man? Jesus answered, If I will, that he wait my return, what is that to thee; follow thou me. Hence arose the rumour among the brethren, that disciple should not die; nevertheless Jesus said not that he should not die, but 'If I will that he wait my return, what is that to thee?"
It is this disciple who attesteth these things, and wrote this account; and we know that his testimony deserveth credit. There were many other things also performed by Jesus, which, were they to be severally related, I imagine the world itself could not contain the volumes that would be written.*[App. No. XXXIV.] Amen.