The Entrance on the Ministry.

I. 2. AS it is written in the Prophets, "Behold I send my messenger before thee, who shall prepare thy way: The voice of one proclaiming in the wilderness, Prepare a way for the Lord,*[Jehovah.] make for him a straight passage:" thus came John immersing in the wilderness, and publishing the immersion of reformation for the remission of sins. And all the country of Judea, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem resorted to him, and were immersed by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. Now John's clothing was of camel's hair, tied round his waist with a leathern girdle: and he lived upon locusts and wild honey. And he proclaimed, saying, One mightier than I cometh after me, whose shoe-latchet I am unworthy to stoop down and untie. I indeed have immersed you in water; but he will immerse you in the Holy Spirit." 9. At that time Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was immersed by John in Jordan, . As soon as he arose out of the water, he saw the sky part asunder, and the Spirit descend upon him like a dove. And a voice was heard from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I delight. Immediately after this the Spirit conveyed him into the wilderness: and he continued there in the wilderness forty days tempted by Satan;* [Adversary.] and was among the wild beasts; and the heavenly messengers ministered to him. But after John's imprisonment, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good tidings of the reign of God. The time, said he, is accomplished, the reign of God approacheth; reform, and believe the good tidings. Then walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew, Simon's brother, casting a drag into the sea, for they were fishers. Jesus said to them, Come with me, and i will make you become fishers of men. Immediately they left their nets, and followed him. Passing on a little, and seeing James, son of Zebedee, with John his brother, who were mending their nets in a bark; he immediately called them: whereupon leaving their father Zebedee in the bark with the hired servants, they accompanied him. And they went to Capernaum; and on the Sabbath, he repaired directly to the synagogue, and instructed the people, who were astonished at his manner of teaching; for he taught as one having authority, and not as the Scribes. Now there was in their synagogue a man possessed with an unclean spirit, who cried out, Ah! Jesus of Nazareth, what hast thou to do with us? Art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the holy one of God. Jesus rebuking him, said, Be silent, and come out of him. Then the unclean spirit threw him into convulsions, and raising loud cries, came out of him: at which they were all so amazed, that they asked one another, What meaneth this? What new teaching is this? for he commandeth with authority even the unclean spirits, and they obey him. And thenceforth his fame spread through all the region of Galilee. As soon as they were come out of the synagogue, they went with James and John into the house of Simon and Andrew, where Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, whereof they immediately acquainted Jesus. And he came, and taking her by the hand, raised her; instantly the fever left her, and she entertained them. 32. In the evening, after sun-set, they brought to him all the sick, and the demoniacs; the whole city being assembled at the door. And he healed many persons affected with various diseases, and expelled many demons, whom he permitted not to speak, because they knew him. On the morrow, having risen before the dawn, he went out and retired to a solitary place, and prayed there. And Simon and his company went in quest of him, and having found him, said to him, Every body seeketh thee. Jesus said, Let us go to the neighboring boroughs to proclaim [the reign] there also; for I came out with this design. Accordingly he proclaimed it in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and expelled demons. And a leper came to him, and on his knees entreated him, saying, If thou wilt, thou canst cleanse me. Jesus had compassion, and stretching out his hand and touching him, said, I will, be thou cleansed. This he had no sooner uttered, than the leprosy departed from the man, and he was cleansed. Then Jesus strictly charging him, and dismissing him, said, See thou tell nothing of this to any man; but go, show thyself to the priest; and offer for thy cleansing, the things prescribed by Moses, that it may be notified to the people. But the man, as soon as he was gone, began to blaze this story, talking openly every where, insomuch that Jesus could no longer publicly appear in the city; but remained without in solitary places, whither the people resorted to him from all parts. II. After many days he returned to Capernaum; and when it was known that he was in the house, such a multitude flocked thither, that there was no room for them, not even near the door, and he taught them the word [of God]. A paralytic was then brought, carried by four men, who not being able to come nigh him for the crowd, uncovered the place where Jesus was, and through the opening let down the couch on which the paralytic lay. Jesus perceiving their faith, said to the paralytic, Son, thy sins are forgiven thee. But certain Scribes who were present, reasoned thus within themselves: 'How does this man speak such blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God?' Jesus immediately knowing in himself, that they made these reflections, said to them, Why do ye reason thus within yourselves? Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, 'Thy sins are forgiven,' or to say [with effect,] 'Arise, take up thy couch and walk?' But that ye may know that the Son of Man hath power upon the earth to forgive sins; rise (he said to the paralytic,) I command thee, take up thy couch and go home. Immediately he arose, took up the couch, and walked out before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw any thing like this. 13. Again, he went out towards the sea, and all the multitude repaired to him, and he taught them. Passing along, he saw Levi, son of Alpheus, sitting at the toll-office, and said to him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him. Now when Jesus was eating in this man's house, several publicans and sinners placed themselves at table with him and his disciples: for many of these people followed him. The Scribes and the Pharisees, seeing him eat with publicans and sinners, said to his disciples, Wherefore doth he eat and drink with publicans and sinners? Jesus, hearing this, replied, The whole need not a physician, but the sick. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners, to reformation. The disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, accustomed to fasting, came to him and said; John's disciples, and those of the Pharisees, fast; why do not thy disciples fast? Jesus answered, Do the bridemen fast while the bridegroom is with them? While the bridegroom is with them they do not fast. But the days will come when the bridegroom shall be taken from them; and in those days they will fast. Nobody seweth a piece of undressed cloth on an old garment; otherwise the new patch teareth the old cloth, and maketh a worse rent. Nobody putteth new wine into old leathern bottles; else the new wine bursteth the bottles; and thus both the wine is spilt, and the bottles are rendered useless; but new wine must be put into new bottles. Once, when he was going through the corn on the Sabbath, his disciples began to pluck the ears of corn, as they went. The Pharisees said to him, Why do they that which, on the Sabbath, is unlawful to do? He answered, Did ye never read what David and his attendants did, in a strait, when they were hungry, how he entered the tabernacle of God, in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the loaves of the presence, which none but the priests could lawfully eat, and gave thereof also to his attendants? He added, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is master even of the Sabbath. III. Another time he entered the synagogue, when a man was there who had a withered hand. And they, with a design to accuse Jesus, watched him, to see whether he would heal the man on the Sabbath. Jesus said to the man who had the withered hand, Stand up in the midst. Then he said to them, Whether is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil; to save, or to kill? But they were silent. And looking round on them with anger, being grieved for the blindness of their minds, he said to the man, Stretch out thy hand: and as he stretched out his hand, it became sound like the other. And the Pharisees went out immediately, and conspired with the Herodians against him, to destroy him. 7. But Jesus withdrew with his disciples towards the sea, whither a great multitude followed him from Galilee, from Judea, from Jerusalem, from Idumea,* [In the Old Testament commonly Edom.] and from the banks of the Jordan. They also of the territories of Tyre and Sidon, having heard what wonders he had performed, flocked to him in crowds. Then he ordered his disciples to get a boat to attend him, because of the multitude, lest they should throng him: for he had healed many, which made all who had maladies press upon him to touch him. And the unclean spirits, when they beheld him, prostrated themselves before him, crying, Thou art the Son of God. But he strictly charged them not to make him known.

The Nomination of Apostles.

Afterwards Jesus went up a mountain, and called to him whom he would, and they went to him. And he selected twelve, that they might attend him, and that he might commission them to proclaim [the reign,] empowering them to cure diseases, and to expel demons. These were Simon, whom he surnamed Peter, and James,son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James. These he surnamed Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder; and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot who betrayed him. 20. Then they went into a house, whither the people again crowded so fast, that Jesus and his disciples could not so much as eat. His kinsmen hearing this, went out to lay hold on him, (for they said, He is beside himself. But the Scribes who came from Jerusalem said, He is confederate with Beelzebub, and expelleth demons by the prince of thedemons.) Jesus having called them, said to them by similitude, How can Satan expel Satan? If a kingdom be torn by factions, that kingdom cannot subsist. And if a family be torn by factions, that family cannot subsist. Thus, if Satan fight against himself, and be divided, he cannot subsist, but is near his end. No one who entereth the strong one's house, can plunder his goods, unless he first overpower the strong one; then, indeed, he may plunder his house. Verily I say unto you, that though all other sins in the sons of men are pardonable, and whatever detractions they shall utter; whosoever shall detract from the Holy Spirit, shall never be pardoned, but is liable to eternal punishment. [He said this] because they affirmed that he was leagued with an unclean spirit. Meanwhile came his mother and brothers, who standing without, sent for him. And the crowd who sat round him, said to him, Lo, thy mother and thy brothers are without, and seek thee. He answered them saying, Who is my mother or my brothers? And looking about on those who sat around him, he said, Behold my mother and my brothers; for whosoever doth the will of God, is my brother, my sister, and mother. IV. Again, he was teaching by the sea-side, when so great a multitude gathered about him, that he was obliged to go abroad a bark and sit there, while all the people remained on shore. Then he taught them many things by parables. In teaching, he said to them, Attend, behold the sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, part of the seed fell by the way-side, and the birds came and picked it up; part fell upon rocky ground, where it had little mould. This sprang the sooner, because there was no depth of soil. But after the sun had beaten upon it, it was scorched, and having no root, it withered away. Part fell amidst thorns; and the torns grew up and stifled it, so that it yielded nothing. Part fell into good ground, and sprang up, and became so fruitful, that some grains produced thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred. He added, Whoever hath ears to hear, let him hear. 10. When he was in private, those who were about him with the twelve asked him the meaning of the parable. He said to them, It is your privilege to know the secrets of the reign of God, but to those without every thing is veiled in parables; that they may not perceive what they look at, or understand what they hear; lest they should be reclaimed, and obtain the forgiveness of their sins. He said also to them, Do ye not understand this parable? How then will ye understand all [my] parables? The sower is he who disperseth the word. The way-side on which some of the grain fell, denoteth those who have no sooner heard the word, than Satan cometh and taketh away that which was sown in their hearts. The rocky ground denoteth those who hearing the word, receive it at first with pleasure; yet not having it rooted in their minds, retain it but a while; for when trouble or persecution cometh because of the word, they instantly relapse. The ground over-run with thorns, denoteth those hearers in whom worldly cares, and delusive riches, and the inordinate desires of other things, stifle the word and render it unfruitful. The good soil on which some grains yielded thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred, denoteth those who hear the word and retain it, and produce the fruits thereof. He said further, Is a lamp brought to be put under a corn-measure, or under a bed; and not to be set on a stand? For there is no secret that is not to be discovered; nor hath aught been concealed which was not to be divulged. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. He said moreover, Consider what ye hear: with the measure wherewith ye give, ye shall receive; and to you who are attentive, more shall be added. For to him who hath, more shall be given; but from him who hath not, even that which he hath shall be taken. 26. He said also, The kingdom of God is like seed which a man sowed in his field. While he slept by night and waked by day, the seed shot up, and grew without his minding it. For the earth produceth of itself first the blade, then the ear; afterwards the full corn. But as soon as the grain was ripe, he applied the sickle, because it was time to reap it. He said also, Whereunto shall we compare the kingdom of God, or by what similitude shall we represent it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is the smallest of all the seeds that are there. But after it is sown, it springeth up, and becometh greater than any herb, and shooteth out branches so large, that under their shades the birds of the air may find shelter. And in many such similitudes he conveyed instruction to the people, as he found them disposed to hear: and without a similitude he told them nothing; but he solved all to his disciples in private. That day, in the evening, he said to them, Let us pass to the other side. And they leaving the people, but having him in the bark, [set sail] in company with other small barks. Then there arose a great storm of wind, which drove the billows into the bark, which was now full. Jesus being in the stern, asleep on a pillow, they awaken him, saying, Rabbi, carest thou not that we perish? And he arose and commanded the wind, saying to the sea, Peace! be still! Immediately the wind ceased, and a great calm ensued. And he said to them, Why are ye so timorous? How is it that ye have no faith? And they were exceedingly terrified, and said one to another, Who is this, whom even the wind and the sea obey? Then they crossed the sea and came into the country of the Gadarenes. V.--2. He was no sooner gone ashore, than there met him a man coming from the monuments, possessed of an unclean spirit, who made his abode in the tombs; and no man could confine him, not even with chains. For he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and had wrenched off the chains, and broken the fetters, so that nobody was able to tame him. He was continually, night and day, in the mountains, and in the tombs, howling, and cutting himself with flints. But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran, and prostrating himself before him, cried out; What hast thou to do with me, Jesus, Son of the most high God? I conjure thee by God not to torment me. (For Jesus had said to him, Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit.) Jesus asked him, What is thy name? He answered, My name is Legion,* [About 6000.] for we are many. And he earnestly entreated him not to drive them out of the country. Now there was a great herd of swine feeding on the mountain. And all the fiends besought him, saying, Siffer us to go to the swine, that we may enter into them. Jesus immediately permitted them. Then the unclean spirits being gone out, entered into the swine; and the herd, in number about two thousand, rushed down a precipice into the sea, and were choked. And the swineherds fled, and told it in the city and villages. And the people flocked out to see what had happened. When they came to Jesus, and saw him who had been possessed by the legion, sitting and clothed, and in his right mind, they were afraid. And those who had seen the whole, having related to them what had happened to the demoniac, and to the swine; they entreated him to leave their territories. As he entered the bark, the man who had been possessed, begged permission to attend him. Jesus, however, did not permit him, but said, Go home to thy relations, and tell them what great things the Lord in pity hath done for thee. Accordingly he departed, publishing in Decapolis,* [A district of ten cities.] what great things Jesus had done for him. And all were amazed. 21. Jesus having repassed in the bark, a great crowd gathered round him while he was on the shore. Then came one of the directors of the synagogue, named Jairus, who seeing him, threw himself at his feet, and entreated him earnestly, saying, My little daughter is in extreme danger; I pray thee come and lay your hands upon her to recover her, and she will be well. And Jesus went with him, followed by a great multitude who thronged him. And a woman who had been twelve years distressed with an issue of blood, who had suffered much from several physicians, and had spent her all without receiving any relief, but rather growing worse, having heard of Jesus, came in the crowd behind, and touched his mantle; for she had said, 'If I but touch his clothes, I shall recover.' Instantly the source of her distemper was dried up and she felt in her body that she was delivered from that scourge. Jesus immediately, conscious of the virtue which had issued from him, turned towards the crowd, saying, Who touched my clothes? His disciples answered, Thou seest how the multitude throng thee; yet thou sayeth, 'Who touched me?' But he looked round him to see her who had done it. Then the woman, knowing the change wrought upon her, came trembling with fear, threw herself prostrate before him, and confessed the whole truth. But he said to her, Daughter, thy faith hath cured thee; go in peace, released from this scourge. 35. Ere he had done speaking, messengers came from the house of the director of the synagogue, who said, Thy daughter is dead, why shouldst thou trouble the teacher any further? Jesus hearing this message delivered, said immediately to the director, Fear not; only believe. And he allowed nobody to follow him except Peter and James, and John the brother of James. Being arrived at the director's house, and seeing the tumult, and the people weeping and wailing immoderately, he said to them, as he entered, Why do ye weep, and make a bustle? the child is not dead, but asleep. And they derided him. But having made them all go out, he took with him the child's father and mother, and those who came with him; and he entered the chamber where she was lying; and, taking her by the hand, said to her, Talitha cumi (which signifieth, 'Damsel arise,) I command thee. Immediately the damsel arose and walked, for she was twelve years old; and they were confounded with astonishment. But he strictly enjoined them not to mention it to any body, and ordered that something should be given her to eat.

The First Mission of the Apostles.

VI. Jesus leaving that place, went to his own country, accompanied by his disciples. And on the Sabbath he taught in their synagogues, and many who heard him said with astonishment, Whence hath this man these abilities? what wisdom is this which he hath gotten? and how are so great miracles performed by him? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, and Judas and Simon? Are not his sisters also here with us? And they were scandalized at him. But Jesus said to them, A prophet is no where disregarded, except in his own country,and amongst his own relations, and in his own house. And he could do no miracle there, except curing a few sick by laying his hands on them. And he wondered at their unbelief. 7. And he went through the neighboring villages teaching. And having called to him the twelve, he sent them out two by two, and gave them power over the unclean spirits; and ordered them to take nothing for their journey but a single staff, no bag, no bread, and in their girdle no money; to be shod with sandals, and not to put on two coats. He said also, Whatever house ye enter in any place, continue in that house until ye leave the place. But wheresoever they will not receive you, nor hear you, shake off the dust under your feet at your departure, as a protestation against them. Verily I say unto you, the condition of Sodom and Gmorrah shall be more tolerable on the day of judgment than the condition of that city. And being departed, they publicly warned men to reform; and expelled many demons, and cured many sick persons, anointing them with oil. And king Herod heard of him (for his name was become famous) and said, John the Immerser is raised from the dead; and therefore miracles are performed by him. Others said, It is Elijah. Others, It is a prophet like those of ancient times. But when Herod heard of him, he said, This is John whom I beheaded. He is raised from the dead. For Herod had caused John to be apprehended, and kept bound in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, whom he had himself married. For John had said to Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. Now this roused Herodias' resentment, who would have killed John, but could not, because Herod respected him, and knowing him to be a just and holy man, protected him, and did many things recommended by him, and heard him with pleasure. At length a favourable opportunity offered, which was Herod's birth-day, when he made an entertainment for the great officers of his court and army, and the persons of distinction in Galilee. For the daughter of Herodias came in, and danced before them, and pleased Herod and his guests so much, that the king said to the damsel, Ask whatever thou wilt, and I will give it thee; nay, he swore to her, Whatsoever thou shalt ask, I will give thee, were it the half of my kingdom. And she withdrew and said to her mother, What shall I ask? She answered, The head of John the Immerser. Her daughter then, returning hastily to the king, made this request: I would that thou give me presently in a basin the head of John the Immerser. And the king was much grieved; however, from a regard to his oath, and his guests, he would not refuse her, but immediately despatched a sentinel with orders to bring the Immerser's head. Accordingly he went and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head in a basin, and presented it to the damsel; and the damsel presented it to her mother. When his disciples heard this, they went and fetched his corpse, and laid it in a monument. 30. Now the Apostles, being assembled, related every thing to Jesus, both what they had done, and what they had taught. And he said to them, Come ye apart into a desert place, and rest a while; for there were so many coming and going, that they had not leisure so much as to eat. And they retired by ship to a desert place to be by themselves. But many who saw them depart, and knew whither they were sailing, ran out of all the cities, and got thither by land before them, and came together to him. Jesus being landed saw a great multitude, and had compassion on them; because they were as a flock which has no shepherd; and he taught them many things. When it grew late, his disciples came to him and said, This is a desert place, and it is now late; dismiss the people that they may go to the neighbouring farms and villages, and buy themselves bread, for they have nothing to eat. He answering, said unto them, Supply them yourselves. They replied, Shall we go and give two hundred denarii* [About 25 dollars.] for bread, in order to supply them? He said to them, How many loaves have ye? go and see. Upon inquiry they answered, Five, and two fishes. And he commanded them to make all the people lie down upon the green grass in separate companies. And they formed themselves into squares, by hundreds and by fifties. Then Jesus taking the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before the multitude. He distributed also the two fishes among them all. When they all had eaten and were satisfied, they carried off twelve baskets full of the fragments of the bread and of the fishes. Now they who ate of the loaves were five thousand men. 45. And immediately he obliged his disciples to embark, and pass over before towards Bethsaida, while he dismissed the people. And having sent them away, he retired to a mountain to pray. In the evening, the bark being in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land, he observed them toiling at the oar, for the wind was against them: and about the fourth watch of the night,* [Between three and six in the morning.] he went to them, walking upon the water, and seemed intending to pass by them. When they saw him walking upon the sea, they thought it was an apparition, and cried out. For they all saw him, and were terrified; but he immediately spake to them, saying, Take courage, it is I; be not afraid. And having gone aboard to them, the wind ceased, which struck them still more with astonishment and admiration: for their minds were so stupified, that they never reflected upon the loaves. When they had crossed, they came to the territory of Genesaret,* [In the Old Testament, Chinnereth.] where they landed. And being come ashore, the people knew him, and ran through all that country, carrying the sick on couches to every place where they heard he was. And whatever village, or city, or town he entered, they laid the diseased in the streets, and besought him that they might touch, were it but a tuft of his mantle; and whoever touched him were healed.

The Errors of the Pharisees.

VII. Now the Pharisees, and some Scribes who came from Jerusalem, resorted to Jesus. When these observed some of his disciples eating with impure (that is, unwashen) hands, they found fault. For the Pharisees, and indeed all the Jews who observe the tradition of the elders, eat not until they have washed their hands, by pouring a little water upon them; and if they be come from the market, by dipping them; and many other usages there are which they have adopted, as immersions of cups and pots, and brazen vessels and beds. Then the Pharisees and the Scribes asked him, Whence cometh it that thy disciples observe not the tradition of the elders, but eat with unwashen hands? He answering, said unto them, O hypocrites! well do ye suit the character which Isaiah gave of you, when he said, "This people honoreth me with their lips; but their heart is estranged from me. In vain, however, they worship me, while they teach institutions merely human." For laying aside the commandment of God, ye retain the traditions of men, immersions of pots and cups, and many other the like practices. Ye judge well, continued he, in annulling the commandment of God, to make room for your tradition. For Moses hath said, "Honor thy father and thy mother," and "Whosoever revileth father or mother, shall be punished with death." But ye maintain, if a man say to father or mother, 'Be it corban (that is, 'devoted') whatever of mine shall profit thee;' he must not thenceforth do aught for his father or his mother; thus invalidating the word of God by the tradition which ye have established. And in many other instances ye act thus. 14. Then having called the whole multitude, he said to them, Hearken to me all of you, and be instructed. There is nothing from without which, entering into the man, can pollute him; but the things which proceed from within the man, are the things that pollute him. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. When he had withdrawn from the people into a house, his disciples asked him the meaning of that sentence. He answered, Are ye also void of understanding? Do ye not conceive, that whatsoever from without entereth into the man, cannot pollute him; because it entereth not into his heart, but into his belly, whence all impurities in the victuals pass into the sink. But, added he, that which proceedeth out of the man, is what pollutes the man: for from within the human heart proceed vicious machinations, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, insatiable desires, malevolence, fraud, immodesty, envy, calumny, arrogance, levity. All these evils issue from within, and pollute the man. 24. Then he arose and went to the frontiers of Tyre and Sidon; and having entered a house, he desired that none might know of him; but he could not be concealed. For a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, hearing of him, came and threw herself at his feet (the woman was a Greek, a native of Syrophenicia,) and entreated him, that he would cast the demon out of her daughter. Jesus answered, Let the children first be satisfied; for it is not seemly to take the children's bread, and throw it to the dogs. She replied, True, Sir; yet even the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. He said to her, For this answer go home; the demon is gone out of thy daughter. Immediately she went home, and found her daughter lying upon the bed, and freed from the demon. 31.--Then leaving the borders of Tyre and Sidon, he returned to the sea of Galilee, through the precincts of Decapolis. And they brought to him a deaf man, who had also an impediment in his speech, and entreated him to lay his hand upon him. Jesus having taken him aside from the crowd, spat upon his own fingers, and put them into the man's ears, and touched his tongue. Then looking up to heaven, and sighing, he said, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. Immediately his ears were opened, and his tongue loosed, and he spoke distinctly. Jesus charged them to tell nobody: but the more he charged them, the more they published it, saying, with inexpressible amazement, He doth every thing well: he makes both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak. VIII. At that time the crowd being very numerous, and having no food, Jesus called his disciples, and said to them, I have compassion on the multitude; for they have attended me now three days, and have nothing to eat; and if I send them home fasting, their strength will fail by the way; for some of them are come from afar. His disciples answered, Whence can we supply these people with bread here in the desert? He asked them, How many loaves have ye? They said, Seven. Then commanding the multitude to place themselves upon the ground, he took the seven loaves, and having given thanks, broke them, and gave them to his disciples, that they might distribute them to the people, and they distributed them. They had also a few small fishes, which, after the blessing, he likewise ordered to be presented. So they ate, and were satisfied; and the fragments which remained were carried off in seven maunds.* [Hand-baskets.] Now they who had eaten were about four thousand. 10. Having dismissed them, he immediately embarked with his disciples, and went into the territory of Dalmanutha. Thence some Pharisees came, who began to argue with him, and, in order to prove him, demanded of him a sign in the sky. Jesus answered, with a deep groan, Wherefore doth this generation require a sign? Verily I say unto you, that no sign shall be given to this generation. After that, leaving them, he reimbarked and returned. Now the disciples had forgotten to bring bread, having only one loaf with them in the bark. Then Jesus gave them this caution: Attend; beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod. They reflecting hereon, said among themselves: It is because we have no bread. Jesus remarking it, said unto them: Why make ye this reflection, that ye have no bread? Are ye yet so thoughtless, so inattentive? Is your understanding still blinded? Have you no use of your eyes, or of your ears? or do ye not remember when I distributed the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets full of fragments did ye carry off? They answered, Twelve. And when the seven among the four thousand, how many maunds full of fragments did ye carry off? They said, Seven. How then is it, proceeded he, that ye do not apprehend me? When Jesus came to Bethsaida, they brought to him a blind man whom they entreated him to touch. He took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the village. Then having put spittle on his eyes, and laid his hands upon him, he asked him whether he saw. Having looked up, he said, I see men, whom I distinguish from trees only by their walking. And Jesus laid his hands upon the man's eyes, and made him look again. And he was so perfectly cured, as to see every object clearly. And Jesus sent him home, saying, Neither go into the village, nor tell aught to any of the villagers.

The Transfiguration.

27. Jesus went thence with his disciples to the villages of Cesarea Philippi, and by the way he asked them, saying, Who do men say that I am? They answered, 'John the Immerser;' but some say, 'Elijah;' and others, 'one of the Prophets.' He said to them, But who say ye that I am? Peter answering, said to him, Thou art the Messiah. Then he charged them to tell nobody this concerning him. And he began to inform them that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and that in three days he must rise again. This he spoke so plainly, that Peter taking him aside, reproved him. But he turning, and looking on his disciples, rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee hence, adversary, for thou dost not relish the things of God, but the things of men. Then having called both to the people, and to his disciples, he said, Is any man willing to come under my guidance? Let him renounce himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For whosoever would save his life, shall lose it; and whosoever will lose his life, for my sake and the gospel's, shall save it. What would it profit a man, if he should gain the whole world, with the forfeit of his life? or what will a man not give in ransom for his life? For whosoever shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him likewise the Son of Man will be ashamed, when he shall come in the glory of his Father, accompanied by the holy messengers. He added, Verily I say unto you, there are some standing here, who shall not taste death, until they see the reign of God ushered in with power. IX. 2.--After six days, Jesus took Peter, and James, and John, apart to the top of a high mountain, and was transfigured in their presence. His garments became glittering, and were, like snow, of such a whiteness, as no fuller on the earth could imitate. There appeared to them also Elijah and Moses, who were conversing with Jesus. Then Peter said to Jesus, Rabbi, it is good for us to stay here: let us make three booths, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah: for he knew not what he said, they were so terrified. And there came a cloud, which covered them; and out of the cloud issued a voice, which said, This is my beloved Son. Hear him. And instantly looking about, they saw nobody but Jesus and themselves. 9. As they went down from the mountain, he charged them not to relate to any body what they had seen, until the Son of Man were risen from the dead. And they took notice of that expression, and inquired among themselves what the rising from the dead could mean. Then they asked him, saying, Why do the Scribes affirm, that Elijah must come first? He answered, Elijah, to consummate the whole, must come first; and, (as it is written of the Son of Man) must likewise suffer many things, and be contemned. But I tell you, that Elijah too is come, as was predicted, and they have treated him as they pleased. When he returned to the other disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and some Scribes disputing with them. As soon as the people saw him, they were struck with awe, and ran to salute him. And he asked the Scribes, About what do ye dispute with them? One of the people answering, said, Rabbi, I have brought thee my son, who hath a dumb spirit; and wheresoever it seizeth him, it dasheth him on the ground, where he continueth foaming, and grinding his teeth, till his strength is exhausted. And I spoke to thy disciples to expel the demon, but they were not able. Jesus thereupon said, O unbelieving generation! how long shal I be with you? How long shall I suffer you? Bring him to me. Accordingly they brought him: and no sooner did he see him, than the spirit threw him into convulsions; so that he foamed and rolled upon the ground. Jesus asked the father, How long is it since this first befel him? He answeed, From his infancy; and often hath it thrown him both into the fire, and into the water, to destroy him; but if thou canst do any thing, have compassion upon us, and help us. Jesus replied, If thou canst believe; all things are practicable for him who believeth. The boy's father, crying out immediately, said with tears, I believe; master, supply the defects of my faith. When Jesus saw that the people came crowding upon him, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, Thou dumb and deaf spirit, come out of him, I command thee, and enter no more into him. Then the demon having cried aloud, and severely convulsed him, came out, and he appeared as one dead, insomuch that many said, He is dead. But Jesus taking him by the hand, raised him, and he stood up. 28. When Jesus was come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, Why could not we expel the demon? He answered, This kind cannot be dislodged unless by prayer and fasting. Having left that place, they passed through Galilee, and he was desirous that nobody should know it, for he was instructing his disciples. And he said to them, The Son of Man will soon be delivered into the hands of men, who will kill him; and after he is killed, he will rise again the third day. But they understood not what he meant, and were shy to ask him. When he was come to Capernaum, being in the house, he asked them, What were ye debating amongst yourselves by the way? But they were silent; for they had debated among themselves by the way whould should be greatest. Then having sat down, he called the twelve, and said to them, If any man would be first, he shall be the last of all, and the servant of all. And he took a child, and placed him in the midst of them, and holding him in his arms, said to them, Whosoever shall receive one such child on my account, receiveth me; and whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him who sent me. Then John said to him, Rabbi, we saw one expelling demons, in thy name, who followeth not us, and we forbade him, because he doth not follow us. Jesus answered, Forbid him not; for there is none who worketh a miracle in my name, that can readily speak evil of me. For whoever is not against you is for you. For whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink on my account, because ye are Christ's; verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward. But whoever shall insnare any of the little ones who believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were fastened to his neck, and that he were thrown into the sea. Moreover, if they hand insnare thee, cut it off; it is better for thee to enter maimed into life, than having two hands to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire; where their worm dieth not, and their fire is not quenched. And if they foot insnare thee, cut it off; it is better for thee to enter lame into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the unquenchable fire, where their worm dieth not, and their fire is not quenched. And if thine eye insnare thee, pull it out; it is better for thee to enter one-eyed into the kingdom of God, than having two eyes to be cast into hell-fire; where their worm dieth not, and their fire is not quenched: for every one shall be seasoned with fire; as every sacrifice is seasoned with salt. Salt is good; but if the salt become tasteless, wherewith will ye season it? Preserve salt in yourselves, and maintain peace with one another. X. Then he arose and came into the confines of Judea, through the country upon the Jordan. Again multitudes resorted to him: and again, as his custom was, he taught them. And some Pharisees came, who, to try him, asked him, Is it lawful for the husband to divorce his wife? he answering, said to them, What precept hath Moses given you on this subject? They replied, Moses hath permitted us to write her a bill of divorcement, and dismiss her. Jesus answering, said to them, Because of your untractable disposition, Moses gave you this permission. But from the beginning, at the creation, God made them a male and a female. For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall adhere to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. They are, therefore, no longer two, but one flesh. What God then hath conjoined, let not man separate. 10. And in the house his disciples asked him anew concerning this manner. He said to them, Whosoever divorceth his wife and marrieth another, committeth adultery against her; and if a woman divorce her husband, and marry another, she committeth adultery. Then they brought children to him, that he might touch them; but the disciples rebuked those who brought them. Jesus perceiving this, was offended, and said, Allow the children to come unto me, and do not hinder them; for of such is the kingdom of God. Verily I say unto you, whosoever will not receive the kingdom of God as a child, shall never enter it. Then taking them up in his arms, and laying his hands upon them, he blessed them. As he went out into the road, one came running to him, who, kneeling, asked him, Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life? Jesus answered, Why callest thou me good? God alone is good. Thou knowest the commandments: do not commit adultery; do not commit murder; do not steal; do not give false testimony; do no injury; honour thy father and mother. The other replied, Rabbi, I have observed all these from my childhood. Jesus, looking upon him, loved him, and said to him, In one thing, nevertheless, thou art deficient. Go, sell all that thou hast, and give the price to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven; then come and follow me, carrying the cross. But he was troubled at this answer, and went away sorrowful; for he had great possessions. 23. Then Jesus looking around him, said to his disciples, How difficult it is for the wealthy to enter the kingdom of God! The disciples were astonished at his words: but Jesus resuming the discourse, said, Children, how difficult is it for them who confide in wealth, to enter the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. At this they were still more amazed, and said one to another, Who then can be saved? Jesus looking upon them, said, To men it is impossible, but not to God: for to God all things are possible. Then Peter took occasion to say, As for us, we have forsaken all, and followed thee. Jesus answering, said, Verily I say unto you, there is none who shall have forsaken his house, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake and the gospel's; who shall not receive now in this world a hundred fold, houses, and brothers, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions, and in the future state*[App. No. IX.] eternal life. But many shall be first who are last, and last who are first.

The Entry into Jerusalem.

As they were on the road to Jerusalem, Jesus walking before them, a panic seized them, and they followed him with terror. Then taking the twelve aside, he told them again what would befal him. Behold, sayeth he, we are going to Jerusalem, where the Son of Man shall be delivered to the chief priests, who will condemn him to die, and consign him to the Gentiles; who will mock him, and scourge him, and spit upon him, and kill him; but the third day he shall rise again. 35. Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, accosted him, saying, Rabbi, we beg thou wouldst grant us what we purpose to ask. He said to them, What would you have me grant you? They answered, That when thou shalt have attained they glory, one of us may sit at thy right hand, and the other at thy left. Jesus replied, Ye know not what ye ask. Can ye drink such a cup as I am to drink; and undergo an immersion like that which I must undergo? They answered, We can. Jesus said to them, Ye shall indeed drink such a cup as I am to drink; and undergo an immersion like that which I must undergo: but to sit at my right hand, and at my left, I cannot give, unless to those for whom it is appointed. The ten hearing this, conceived indignation against James and John. But Jesus having called them together, said to them, Ye know that those who are accounted the princes of the nations domineer over them; and their great ones exercise their authority upon them: but it must not be so amongst you. On the contrary, whosoever would be great amongst you, shall be your servant; and whosoever would be the chief, shall be the slave of all. For even the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. Then they came to Jericho. Afterwards, as he was departing thence, with his disciples, and a great crowd, blind Bartimeus, son of Timeus, who sat by the way-side begging, hearing that it was Jesus of Nazareth, cried saying, Jesus, thou Son of David, have pity upon me. Many charged him to be silent, but he cried still the louder, Son of David, have pity upon me. Jesus stopping, ordered them to call him. Accordingly they called the blind man, saying to him, Take courage; arise, he calleth thee. Then throwing down his mantle, he sprang up, and went to Jesus. Jesus addressing him, said, What dost thou wish me to do for thee? Rabboni, answered the blind man, to give me my sight. Jesus said to him, Go; thy faith hath cured thee. Immediately he recovered his sight, and followed Jesus in the way. XI. As they approached Jerusalem, being come as far as Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, and said to them, Go into the village over against you, and just as ye enter it, ye will find a colt tied, whereon no man ever rode; loose him, and bring him. And if any body ask you, 'Wherefore do ye this?' say, 'The master needeth him,' and he will instantly send him hither. Accordingly they went, and finding the colt tied before a door, where two ways met, they loosed him. Some of the people present said to them, Wherefore loose ye the colt? They having answered as Jesus had commanded them, were allowed to take him. Accordingly they brought the colt to Jesus, whereon having laid their mantles, Jesus sat upon him. And many spread their mantles in the way; others cut down sprays from the trees, and strowed them in the way. And they who went before, and they who followed, shouted, saying, Hosanna!*[Save now I pray.] blessed be he that cometh in the name of the Lord!*[Jehovah.] Happy be the approaching reign of our father David! Hosanna in the highest heaven! In this manner Jesus entered Jerusalem and the temple; where, after surveying every thing around, it being late, he departed with the twelve to Bethany. 12. On the morrow, when he left Bethany, he was hungry; and observing a fig-tree at a distance, full of leaves, went to look for fruit on it, for the fig-harvest was not yet. And being come, he found nothing but leaves. Thereupon Jesus said to it, Henceforth let never man eat fruit off thee. And his disciples heard him. Being returned to Jerusalem, Jesus went into the temple, and drove out them who sold and who bought in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money-changers, and the stalls of them who sold doves; and would suffer nobody to carry vessels through the temple. He also taught them, saying, Is it not written, "My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations?" but ye have made it a den of robbers. And the Scribes and the chief priests hearing this, sought means to destroy him; for they dreaded him, because all the multitude admired his doctrine. And in the evening he went out of the city. Next morning, as they returned, they saw that the fig-tree was dried up from the root. Peter recollecting, said to him, Rabbi, behold the fig-gree which thou hast devoted, already withered. Jesus answered, Have faith in God. For verily I say unto you, Whoever shall say to this mountain, 'Be lifted and thrown into the sea,' and shall not in the least doubt, but shall believe that what he saith shall happen; whatever he shall command shall be done for him: for which reason I assure you, that what things soever ye pray for it, if ye believe that ye shall obtain them, they shall be yours. 25. And when ye pray, forgive, if ye have matter of complaint against any; that your Father, who is in heaven, may also forgive you your trespasses. But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father, who is in heaven, forgive your trespasses. Again, they arrived at Jerusalem, and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders, came and said to him, By what authority dost thou these things? and who empowered thee to do them? Jesus answering, said unto them, I also have a question to ask; answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. Was the title which John had to immerse, from heaven, or from men? answer me. Then they argued thus among themselves; 'If we say, From heaven; he will reply, 'Why then did ye not believe him? But if we say, From men; we are in danger from the people, who are all convinced that John was a Prophet.' They therefore answering, said to Jesus, We cannot tell. Jesus replied, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things. XII. Then addressing them in parables, he said, A man planted a vineyard, and hedged it about, and dug a place for a wine vat, and built a tower, and having farmed it out, went abroad. The season being come, he sent a servant to the husbandmen, to receive his portion of the fruits of the vineyard. But they seized him, beat him, and sent him away empty. Again, he sent to them another servant, whom they wounded in the head with stones, and sent back with disgrace. Again, he sent another, whom they killed; and of many more that he sent, some they beat, and some they killed. At last, having an only son, whom he loved, he sent him also to them; for he said, 'They will reverence my son.' But those husbandmen said among themselves, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be our own.' Then they laid hold on him, and having thrust him out of the vineyard, killed him. What, therefore, will the proprietor of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the husbandmen, and give the vineyard to others. Have ye not read this passage of Scripture: "A stone which the builders rejected, is made the head of the corner. This the Lord*[Jehovah.] hath performed, and we behold it with admiration." And they would fain have seized him, but were afraid of the multitude; for they knew that he spoke the parable against them.

The Prophecy on Mount Olivet.

13. Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders leaving Jesus, went away, and sent to him certain Pharisees and Herodians,*[Partizans of Herod.] to catch him in his words. These coming up, said to him, Rabbi, we know that thou art upright, and standest in awe of none; for thou respectest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God faithfully. Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar, or not? Shall we give? or shall we not give? He perceiving their artifice, answered, Why would ye entangle me? Bring me a denarius, that I may see it. When they had brought it, he asked them, Whose is this image and inscription? They answered (sic) Cesar's. Jesus replied, Render to Cesar that which is Cesar's and to God that which is God's. And they wondered at him. Then came Sadducees to him, who say that there is no future life, and proposed this question: Rabbi, Moses hath enacted, that if a man's brother die, survived by a wife without children, he shall marry the widow, and raise issue to his brother. Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and dying, left no issue. The second married her, and died; neither left he any issue; so did also the third. Thus all the seven married her, and left no issue. Last of all, the woman also died. At the resurrection, therefore, when they are risen, to which of the seven will she belong; for she hath been wife to them all? Jesus answering, said unto them, Is not this the source of your error, your not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. For there will be neither marrying, nor giving in marriage, among them who rise from the dead. They will then resemble the heavenly messengers. But as to the dead, that they are raised, have ye not read in the book of Moses, how God spoke to him in the bush, saying, "I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." God is not a God of the dead, but of the living. Therefore ye greatly err. 28. A scribe who had heard them dispute, perceiving the justness of his reply, came to him, and proposed this question: Which is the chief commandment of all? Jesus answered, The chief of all the commandments is, "Hearken, Israel, the Lord*[Jehovah.] is our God: the Lord is one;" and, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength." This is the first commandment. The second resembleth it: "Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." There is no commandment greater than these. The scribe replied, Truly, Rabbi, thou hast answered well. There is one God, and only one; and to love him with all the heart, and with all the spirit, and with all the soul, and with all the strength; and to love one's neighbour as one's self, is more than all burnt-offerings and sacrifices. Jesus observing how pertinently he had answered, said to him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. After that, nobody ventured to put questions to him. As Jesus was teaching in the temple, he asked them, Why do the scribes assert that the Messiah must be a son of David? Yet David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, saith, "The Lord*[Jehovah.] said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I make thy foes thy footstool." David himself, therefore, calleth him his Lord; how then can he be his son? And the common people heard him with delight. Further, in teaching, he said to them, Beware of the scribes, who affect to walk in robes, who love salutations in public places, and the principal seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost places at entertainments, who devour the families of widows, and use long prayers for a disguise. These shall undergo the severest punishment. And Jesus sitting over against the treasury, observed the people throwing money into the treasury: and many rich persons put in much. Then came a poor widow, who threw in two mites, which make a farthing.*[About four mills.] Jesus having called his disciples, said to them, Verily I say unto you, that this poor widow hath given more than any of those who have thrown into the treasury: for they all have contributed out of their superfluous store; whereas she hath given all the little that she had, her whole living. XIII. As he was going out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, Rabbi, look what prodigious stones and stately buildings are here! Jesus answering, said to him, Thou seest these great buildings. They shall all be so razed, that one stone will not be left upon another. Afterwards, as he was siting on the Mount of Olives, over against the temple, Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, asked him privately, Tell us, when will this happen? And what will be the sign when all this is to be accomplished? Jesus answering them, took occasion to say, Take heed that no man seduce you; for many will assume my character, saying, 'I am the person,' and will seduce many. But when he hear of wars, and rumours of wars, be not alarmed; for this must happen, but the end is not yet. 8. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be earthquakes in sundry places, and there will be famines and commotions. These are the prelude of woes. But take heed to yourselves; for they will deliver you to councils; and ye will be beaten in the synagogues, and brought before governors and kings for my sake, to bear testimony to them. The good tidings, however, must first be published amongst all nations. But when they conduct you, to deliver you up, have no anxiety beforehand, nor premeditate what ye shall speak; but whatever shall be suggested to you in that moment, speak; for it is not ye that shall speak, but the Holy Spirit. Then the brother will deliver up the brother to death; and the father the child; and children will arise against their parents, and procure their death. And on my account ye shall be hated universally; but the man who persevereth to the end shall be saved. But when ye shall see, in an unsuitable place, the desolating abomination foretold by the Prophet Daniel, (Reader attend!) then let those in Judea flee to the mountains; and let not him who shall be on the roof, go down into the house, nor enter it, to carry any thing out of his house; and let not him who shall be in the field, turn back to fetch his mantle. But wo to the woman with child, and to them who give suck in those days. Pray, then, that your flight happen not in the winter; because there shall be such affliction, in those days, as hath not ben before, fromteh beginning of the world which God created, nor shall be ever after. Had the LOrd assigned it a long duration, no soul could escape; but for the sake of the people whom he hath elected, he hath made its duration the shorter. 21. Then if any one shall say to you, 'Lo! the Messiah is here,' or, 'Lo! he is younder,' believe it not. For false Messiahs and false prophets will arise, who will perform wonders and prodigies, in order to impose, if possible, even on the elect. Be ye therefore upon your guard: remember, I have warned you of every thing. But in those days, after that affliction, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall withhold her light; and the stars of heaven shall fall; and the powers which are in heaven shall be shaken. Then they shall see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. Then he will send his messengers, and assemble his elect from the four quarters of the world, from the extremities of heaven and earth. Learn now a similitude from the fig-tree. When its branches become tender, and put forth leaves, ye know that the summer is nigh. In like manner, when ye shall see these things happen, know that he is near, even at the door. Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass until all these things be accomplished. For heaven and earth shall fail: but my words shall not fail. But of that day, or of that hour knoweth none (not the heavenly messengers; no, not the Son*[App. No. XIII>] but the Father. Be circumspect, be vigilant, and pray; for ye know not when that time will be. When a man intendeth to travel, he leaveth his household in charge to his servants, assigneth to every one his task, and ordereth the porter to watch. Watch ye therefore; for ye know not when the master of the house will return, (whether in the evening,*[Nine, afternoon.] or at midnight,*[Twelve.] or at cockcrowing,*[Three in the morning.] or in the morning,*[Six.] lest coming suddenly, he find you asleep. Now, what I say unto you, I say unto all, Watch.

The Last Supper.

XIV. After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were contriving how they might take Jesus by surprise, and kill him. They said, however, Not during the festival, for fear of an insurrection among the people. Now being at table in Bethany, in the house of Simon [formerly] a leper, there came a woman who had an alabaster box of the balsam of spikenard, which was very costly: and she broke open the box, and poured the liquor upon his head. There were some present who said, with secret indignation, Why this profusion of the balsam? For it could have ben sold for more than three hundred denarii,*[Thirty-six dollars.] which might have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her. But Jesus said, Let her alone. Why do ye molest her? She hath done me a good office. For ye will have the poor always amongst you, and can do them good whenever ye please; but me ye will not always have. She hath done what she could. She hath beforehand embalmed my body for the funeral. Verily I say unto you, in whatsoever corner of the world the gospel shall be preached, what this woman hath now done shall be mentioned to her honour. 10. Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, repaired to the chief priests, to betray Jesus to them. And they listened to him with joy, and promised to give him money. Afterards he sought a favourable opportunity to deliver him up. Now the first day of unleavened bread, when the passover is sacrificed, his disciples said to him, Whither shall we go to prepare for thy eating the passover? Then he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, Go into the city, where ye will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him; and wherever he shall enter, say to the master of the house, 'The teacher saith, Where is the guest-chamber, in which I may eat the passover with my disciples?' And he will show you a large upper room ready furnished. There prepare for us. Accordingly his disciples went away, and being come into the city, found every thing as he had told them, and prepared the passover. 17. In the evening he went thither with the twelve. As they were at table eating, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you who eateth with me, will betray me. Upon this they became very sorrowful, and asked him, all of them, one after another, Is it I? He answering, said to them, It is one of the twelve; he who dippeth his morsel in the dish with me. The Son of Man departeth in the manner foretold in Scripture concerning him; but wo unto that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed: it had been better for that man never to have been born. While they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and after the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, Take, eat; this is my body. Then he took the cup, and having given thanks, gave it to them; and they all drank of it. And he said to them, This is my blood, the blood of the new covenant, shed for many. Verily I say unto you, that I will drink no more of the product of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it new in the kingdom of God. And after the hymn they went out to the Mount of Olives. And Jesus said to them, This night I shall prove a stumbling stone to you all; for it is written, "I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be dispersed." Nevertheless, after I am raised again, I will go before you to Galilee. Peter then said to him, Though they all should stumble, I never will. Jesus answered him, Verily I say unto thee, that to-day, this very night, before the cock crow twice, even thou wilt disown me thrice. But Peter insisted on it, adding, Although I should die with thee, I never will disown thee. And all the rest said the same. Then they came to a place named Gethsemane, where he said to his disciples, Stay here while I pray. And he took with him Peter, and James, and John, and being seized with grief and horror, said to them, My soul is overwhelmed with a deadly anguish; tarry here and watch. And going a little before, he threw himself on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, he might be delivered from that hour, and said, Abba (that is Father,) all things are possible to thee; take this cup away from me; yet not what I would, but what thou wilt. Then he returned, and finding them asleep, said to Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? Couldst thou not keep awake a single hour? Watch and pray that ye be not overcome by temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. Again, he retired and prayed, using the same words. When he returned, he again found them sleeping; for their eyes were overpowered, and they knew not what to answer him. A third time he came and said to them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: all is over: the hour is come: and the Son of Man is consigned to the hands of sinners. Arise. Let us be going. Lo! he who betrayeth me is drawing near. 43. Immediately, ere he had done speaking, appeared Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude armed with swords and clubs, who were sent by the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. Now the betrayer had given them this signal: The man whom I shall kiss is he; seize him, and lead him away safely. He was no sooner come, than accosting Jesus, he said, Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him. Then they laid hands on him, and seized him. But one of those who were present drew his sword, an smiting the high priest's servant, cut off his ear. Then Jesus addressing them, said, Do ye come with swords and clubs to apprehend me, like people in pursuit of a robber? I was daily amongst you, teaching in the temple, and ye did not arrest me. But hereby the Scriptures are accomplished. Then they all forsook him and fled. Now there followed him a youth who had only a linen cloth wrapped about his body; the soldiers having laid hold of him, he left the cloth, and fled from them naked.

The Crucifixion.

53. Then they took Jesus away to the high priest, with whom all the chief priests, the elders, and the scribes were convened. And Peter followed him at a distance, as far as the court of the high priest's house, and sat there with the officers, warming himself at the fire. Meanwhile the chief priests and all the Sanhedrim sought for evidence against Jesus, in order to condemn him to die, but found none: for many gave false testimony against him, but their testimonies were insufficient. Then some arose who testified falsely against him, saying, We heard him say, 'I will demolish this temple made with hands, and in three days will build another without hands.' But even here their testimony was defective. Then the high priest, standing up in the midst, interrogated Jesus, saying, Dost thou answer nothing to what these men testify against thee? But he was silent, and gave no answer. Again, the high priest interrogating him, said, Art thou the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One? Jesus answered, I am; nay, ye shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Almighty, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Then the high priest rent his garments, saying, What further need have we of witnesses? Ye have heard the blasphemy. What is your opinion? And they all pronounced him worthy of death. Then some began to spit on him; others to cover his face and buffet him, saying to him, Divine who it is. And the officers gave him blows on the cheeks. 66. Now Peter being below in the court, one of the maid-servants of the high priest came thither, who seeing Peter warming himself, looked on him, and said, Thou also wast with the Nazarene Jesus. But he denied, saying, I know him not: nor do I understand what thou meanest. Immediately he went out into the portico, and the cock crew. The maid seeing him again, said to the standers-by, This is one of them. Again he denied. And a little after, those who were present said to Peter, Thou art certainly one of them; for thou art a Galilean, thy speech showeth it. Upon this he affirmed, with imprecations and oaths, that he did not know the man of whom they spake. Then the cock crew the second time: and Peter recollected the word which Jesus had said to him, 'Before the cock crow twice, thou wilt disown me thrice.' And reflecting thereon, he wept. XV. Early in the morning, the chief priests, with the elders, the scribes, and all the sanhedrim, after consulting together, bound Jesus, carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. Pilate asking him, said, Thou art the king of the Jews? He answered, Thou sayest right. Now the chief priests accused him of many things. Again Pilate asked him, saying, Answerest thou nothing? Observe how many crimes they arraign thee for. But Jesus answered no more, insomuch that Pilate was astonished. Now at the festival, he always released to them any one prisoner whom they desired. And there was one Barabbas that had been imprisoned with his seditious associates, who in their sedition had committed murder. And with clamour the multitude demanded of Pilate what he used to grant them. He answered them, saying, Shall I release to you the king of the Jews? (For he knew that through envy the chief priests had delivered him up.) But the chief priests incited the multitude to insist on the release of Barabbas, in preference to Jesus. Pilate again interposed, saying, What then would ye have me to do with him whom ye call king of the Jews? They cried, Crucify him. Pilate asked them, Why? What evil hath he done? But they cried the more vehemently, Crucify him. Then Pilate, desirous to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them, and having caused Jesus to be scourged, delivered him up to be crucified. 16. And the soldiers brought him into the hall called pretorium,*[The governor's palace, or hall of audience.] where having convened all the band, they arrayed him in purple, and crowned him with a wreath of thorns, and saluted him, saying, Hail, king of the Jews! Then they struck him on the head with a reed, and spat upon him, and paid him homage on their knees. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple, and dressed him in his own clothes, and took him away to be crucified. And they constrained one Simon, a Cyrenian, who passed by, in coming from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry the cross. And they brought him to Golgotha, that is to say, the place of sculls, where they gave him wine to drink, mingled with myrrh, which he would not receive. When they had nailed him to the cross, they parted his garments, dividing by lot what every man should take. Now it was the third hour*[Nine in the morning.] when they nailed him to the cross. And the inscription, bearing the cause of his death, was in these words, THE KING OF THE JEWS. They likewise crucified two robbers with him, one at his right hand, the other at his left. And that Scripture was fulfilled, which saith, "He was ranked among malefactors." Meantime they who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying, Ah! thou who demolishest the temple, and rebuildest it in three days; save thyself, and come down from the cross. The chief priests likewise, with the scribes, deriding him, said among themselves, He saved others; cannot he save himself? Let the Messiah, the king of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. Even those who were crucified with him, reproached him. 33. Now from the sixth hour*[Twelve, noon.] until the ninth,*[Three, afternoon.] darkness covered all the land. At the ninth hour,*[Three, afternoon.] Jesus cried aloud, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lamma sabacthani! which signifieth, 'My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?' Some who were present, hearing this, said, Hark! he calleth Elijah. One at the same time ran and dipped a spunge in vinegar, and having fastened it to a stick, presented it to him to drink, saying, Let alone, we shall see whether Elijah will come to take him down. And Jesus sending forth a loud cry, expired. Then was the veil of the temple rent in two, from top to bottom. And the centurion who stood over against him, observing that he expired with so loud a cry, said, Surely this man was the Son of a God. There were women also looking on at a distance, amongst whom were Mary the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger, and of Joses and Salome (these had followed him, and served him, when he was in Galilee,) and several others who came with him to Jerusalem.

The Resurrection.

When it was evening (because it was the preparation,*[Friday.] that is, the eve of the Sabbath,*[Saturday.] (NO END OF PARENTHESES GIVEN) Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable senator, who himself also expected the reign of God, taking courage, repaired to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Pilate, amazed that he was so soon dead, sent for the centurion, and asked him whether Jesus had been dead any time. And being informed by the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph; who having bought linen, and taken Jesus down, wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a monument, hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone to the entrance. Now Mary the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses, saw where he was laid. XVI. When the Sabbath was past, Mary the Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, brought spices, that they might embalm Jesus. And early in the morning, the first day of the week,*[Sunday.] they came to the monument about sunrise. And they said among themselves, Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the monument? (or it was very large.) But when they looked, they saw that the stone had been rolled away. Then entering the monument, they beheld a youth sitting on the right side, clothed in a white robe, and they were frightened. But he said to them, Be not frightened; ye seek Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He is risen: he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. But go, say to his disciples, and to Peter, 'He is gone before you to Galilee; where ye shall see him, as he told you.' The women then getting out, fled from the monument, seized with trembling and consternation; but said nothing to any one, they were so terrified. 9. Jesus having arisen early the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary the Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven demons. She went and informed those who had attended him, who were in affliction and tears. But when they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, they did not believe it. Afterwards, he appeared in another form to two of them, as they travelled on foot into the country. These being returned, acquainted the other disciples, but neither did they believe them. At length he appeared to the eleven, as they were eating, and reproached them with their incredulity and obstinacy in disbelieving those who had seen him after his resurrection. And he said unto them, Go throughout all the world, proclaim the good tidings to the whole creation. He who shall believe, and be immersed, shall be saved; but he who will not believe shall be condemned. And these miraculous powers shall attend the believers. In my name they shall expel demons. They shall speak languages unknown to them before. They shall handle serpents [with safety.] And if they drink poison, it shall not hurt them. They shall cure the sick, by laying their hands upon them. 19. Now, after the Lord had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. As for them, they went out and proclaimed the tidings every where, the Lord co-operating with them, and confirming their doctrine by the miracles wherewith it was accompanied.

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